Display the number with no formatting.
Digit placeholder. Display a digit or a zero. If the expression has a digit in the position where the 0 appears in the format string, display it; otherwise, display a zero in that position.
Digit placeholder. Display a digit or nothing. If the expression has a digit in the position where the # appears in the format string, display it; otherwise, display nothing in that position.
Decimal placeholder. In some locales, a comma is used as the decimal separator.
Percentage placeholder. The expression is multiplied by 100.
Thousand separator. In some locales, a period is used as a thousand separator.
Time separator. In some locales, other characters may be used to represent the time separator.
Date separator. In some locales, other characters may be used to represent the date separator.
(E- E+ e- e+)
Scientific format. If the format expression contains at least one digit placeholder (0 or #) to the right of E-, E+, e-, or e+, the number is displayed in scientific format and E or e is inserted between the number and its exponent.
- + $ ( )
Display a literal character. To display a character other than one of those listed, precede it with a backslash (\) or enclose it in double quotation marks (" ").
Display the next character in the format string. To display a character that has special meaning as a literal character, precede it with a backslash (\). The backslash itself isn't displayed. Using a backslash is the same as enclosing the next character in double quotation marks. To display a backslash, use two backslashes (\\).
Examples of characters that can't be displayed as literal characters are the date-formatting and time-formatting characters (a, c, d, h, m, n, p, q, s, t, w, y, / and :), the numeric-formatting characters (#, 0, %, E, e, comma, and period), and the string-formatting characters (@, &, <, >, and !).
Display the string inside the double quotation marks (" "). To include a string in format using VBA code, use Chr(34) to enclose the text in quotes (34 is the character code for a quotation mark).
“I often say that when you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it; but when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meagre and unsatisfactory kind” ~ William Thomson (Lecture on Electrical Units of Measurement)