Re-run all or part of a previous command.
Syntax !! Run the last command again !foo Run the most recent command that starts with 'foo' (e.g. !ls) !foo:p Print out the command that !foo would run also add it to the command history !$ Run the last word of the previous command (same as Alt + .) !$:p Print out the word that !$ would substitute !* Run the previous command except for the last word !*:p Print out the previous command except for the last word ^foo^bar Run the previous command replacing foo with bar
“This is the way the world ends. Not with a bang but a whimper” ~
T.S. Eliot (The Hollow Men)
Bash keyboard commands