shopt

Shell Options

Syntax
      shopt [-pqsu] [-o] [optname ...]

Options
     -s   Enable (set) each optname

     -u   Disable (unset) each optname.

     -p   Display a list of all settable options, with an indication of 
          whether or not each is set. The output is displayed in a form 
          that may be reused as input. (-p is the default action)

     -q   Suppresses normal output; the return status indicates whether the optname
          is set or unset. If multiple optname arguments are given with `-q',
          the return status is zero if all optnames are enabled; non-zero otherwise. 

     -o   Restricts the values of optname to be those defined for the `-o' option to 
          the set builtin.

If either `-s' or `-u' is used with no optname arguments, the display is limited to those options which are set or unset, respectively. Unless otherwise noted, the shopt options are disabled (off) by default.

The return status is zero unless an optname was *not* enabled or was not a valid shell option.

The list of shopt options is:

cdable_vars
    If this is set, an argument to the cd builtin command that 
    is not a directory is assumed to be the name of a variable whose value is 
    the directory to change to. 

cdspell
    If set, minor errors in the spelling of a directory component in a cd 
    command will be corrected. The errors checked for are transposed characters, 
    a missing character, and a character too many. If a correction is found, the 
    corrected path is printed, and the command proceeds. This option is only used 
    by interactive shells.

checkhash
    If this is set, Bash checks that a command found in the hash table exists 
    before trying to execute it. If a hashed command no longer exists, a normal 
    path search is performed. 

checkwinsize
    If set, Bash checks the window size after each command and, if necessary, 
    updates the values of LINES and COLUMNS. 

cmdhist
    If set, Bash attempts to save all lines of a multiple-line command in the 
    same history entry. This allows easy re-editing of multi-line commands. 

dotglob
    If set, Bash includes filenames beginning with a `.' in the results of filename 
    expansion. 

execfail
    If this is set, a non-interactive shell will not exit if it cannot execute 
    the file specified as an argument to the exec builtin command. 
    An interactive shell does not exit if exec fails. 

expand_aliases
    If set, aliases are expanded. This option is enabled by default for interactive 
    shells. 

extglob
    If set, the extended pattern matching features described above are enabled. 

histappend
    If set, the history list is appended to the history file when the shell exits,
    rather than overwriting the history file. 
       shopt -s histappend
    To append every line to history individually set:
       PROMPT_COMMAND='history -a'
    With these two settings, a new shell will get the history lines from all previous
    shells instead of the default 'last window closed'>history
   (the history file is named by the value of the HISTFILE variable)

histreedit
    If set, and Readline is being used, a user is given the opportunity to re-edit 
    a failed history substitution. 

histverify
    If set, and Readline is being used, the results of history substitution 
    are not immediately passed to the shell parser. Instead, the resulting line 
    is loaded into the Readline editing buffer, allowing further modification. 

hostcomplete
    If set, and Readline is being used, Bash will attempt to perform hostname 
    completion when a word containing a `@' is being completed. 
    This option is enabled by default. 

huponexit
    If set, Bash will send SIGHUP to all jobs when an interactive 
    login shell exits. 

interactive_comments
    Allow a word beginning with `#' to cause that word and all 
    remaining characters on that line to be ignored in an interactive shell. This 
    option is enabled by default. 

lithist
    If enabled, and the cmdhist option is enabled, multi-line commands 
    are saved to the history with embedded newlines rather than using semicolon 
    separators where possible. 

mailwarn
    If set, and a file that Bash is checking for mail has been accessed since 
    the last time it was checked, the message "The mail in mailfile 
    has been read" is displayed. 

no_empty_cmd_completion
    If set, and Readline is being used, Bash will not attempt to search the 
    PATH for possible completions when completion is attempted on 
    an empty line. 

nocaseglob
    If set, Bash matches filenames in a case-insensitive fashion when performing 
    filename expansion. 

nullglob
    If set, Bash allows filename patterns which match no files to expand to 
    a null string, rather than themselves. 

progcomp
    If set, the programmable completion facilities are enabled. This option 
    is enabled by default. 

promptvars
    If set, prompt strings undergo variable and parameter expansion after being 
    expanded. This option is enabled by default. 

restricted_shell
    The shell sets this option if it is started in restricted mode. The value 
    may not be changed. This is not reset when the startup files are executed, 
    allowing the startup files to discover whether or not a shell is restricted. 

shift_verbose
    If this is set, the shift builtin prints an error message when 
    the shift count exceeds the number of positional parameters. 

sourcepath
    If set, the source builtin uses the value of PATH 
    to find the directory containing the file supplied as an argument. This option 
    is enabled by default. 

xpg_echo
    If set, the echo builtin expands backslash-escape sequences 
    by default.

`shopt' is a BASH builtin command.

"The dogma of the ghost in the machine" ~ Gilbert Ryle

Related:

env
- Display, set, or remove environment variables
function - Define Function Macros
local - Create variables
logname - Print current login name
set - Manipulate shell variables and functions
uname - Print system information
users - Print login names of users currently logged in
who - Print who is currently logged in
Equivalent Windows commands: SETLOCAL - Set options to control the visibility of variables


© Copyright SS64.com 1999-2013
Some rights reserved