Display a list of files and subfolders
Syntax DIR [pathname(s)] [display_format] [file_attributes] [sorted] [time] [options]
Key [pathname] The drive, folder, and/or files to display,
this can include wildcards:
* Match any characters
? Match any ONE character
[display_format] /P Pause after each screen of data. /W Wide List format, sorted horizontally. /D Wide List format, sorted by vertical column.
/A:D Folder /A:-D NOT Folder /A:R Read-only /A:-R NOT Read-only /A:H Hidden /A:-H NOT Hidden /A:A Archive /A:-A NOT Archive /A:S System file /A:-A NOT System file /A:I Not content indexed Files /A:-I NOT content indexed /A:L Reparse Point /A:-L NOT Reparse Point (symbolic link) /A:X No scrub file /A:-X Scrub file (Windows 8+) /A:V Integrity /A:-V NOT Integrity (Windows 8+) /A Show all files
Several attributes can be combined e.g. /A:HD-R
[sorted] Sorted by /O[:]sortorder
/O:N Name /O:-N Name
/O:S file Size /O:-S file Size /O:E file Extension /O:-E file Extension
/O:D Date & time /O:-D Date & time /O:G Group folders first /O:-G Group folders last several attributes can be combined e.g. /O:GEN
[time] /T: the time field to display & use for sorting
/T:C Creation /T:A Last Access /T:W Last Written (default)
[options] /S include all subfolders. /R Display alternate data streams. (Vista and above) /B Bare format (no heading, file sizes or summary). /L use Lowercase. /Q Display the owner of the file. /N long list format where filenames are on the far right. /X As for /N but with the short filenames included.
/C Include thousand separator in file sizes.
/-C Don’t include thousand separator in file sizes. /4 Display four-digit years
The switches above can be preset by adding them to an environment variable called
For example: SET DIRCMD=/O:N /S
Override any preset DIRCMD switches by prefixing the switch with -
For example: DIR *.* /-S
Upper and Lower Case filenames:
Filenames longer than 8 characters - will always display the filename with mixed case as entered.
Filenames shorter than 8 characters - can display the filename in upper or lower case - this can vary from one client to another (registry setting)
To obtain a bare DIR format (no heading or footer info) but retain all the details, pipe the output of DIR into FIND, this assumes that your date separator is /
DIR c:\temp\*.* | FIND "/"
Normally DIR /b will return just the filename, however when displaying subfolders with DIR /b /s the command will return a full pathname.
All file sizes are shown in bytes.
List the contents of c:\demo including ALL files:
dir /a c:\demo\
List the contents of c:\demo displaying only the filenames:
dir /b c:\demo\
List all the Reparse Points (symbolic links) in the current users profile:
dir %USERPROFILE% /a:i
List the contents of c:\demo with the full path of each file (source)
for %%A in ("c:\demo\*") do echo %%~fA
List the contents of c:\demo, without the header/footer details:
FOR /f "tokens=*" %%G IN ('dir c:\demo\*.* ^| find "/"') DO echo %%G
On Windows Vista and later, a list of alternate data streams can be obtained using DIR /R, on earlier operating systems, the SysInternals utility streams can be used instead.
DIR is an internal command.
“There it was, hidden in alphabetical order” ~ Rita Holt
WHERE - Locate and display files in a directory tree.
XCOPY /L - List files without copying.
ROBOCOPY /L - List files with specific properties
DIRUSE - show size of multiple subfolders. (Resource Kit)
Freedisk.exe - check free disk space. (Win 2K ResKit)
Powershell: Get-ChildItem - Get child items (contents of a folder or registry key) dir / ls / gci
You can also get File Sizes and Date/Time from Batch Parameters
Use DIR to display drive status - disk missing / ready / empty
Equivalent bash command (Linux): ls - List information about file(s)
Equivalent Powershell: Get-ChildItem