Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line.

      GOTO label


   label   A predefined label in the batch program.
           Each label must be defined on a line by itself, beginning with
           a colon and ending with either a space, a colon or a CR/LF.

   :eof    This predefined label will exit the current routine.

To exit a batch script file or exit a subroutine specify GOTO:eof this will transfer control to the end of the current batch file or the end of the current subroutine. Unlike Exit /b the goto:eof will automatically set an errorlevel.


IF %1==12 GOTO MySubroutine
Echo the input was NOT 12

Echo the input was 12

Use a variable as a label

CHOICE /C:01 /m choose [Y]yes or [N]No
goto s_routine_%ERRORLEVEL%

Echo You typed Y for yes

Echo You typed N for no

Use a variable as a comment
In this example the COPY command will only run if the parameter "Update" is supplied to the batch

@echo off
IF /I NOT %1==Update SET _skip=::

%_skip% COPY x:\update.dat
%_skip% echo Update applied


Using GOTO within parenthesis - including FOR and IF commands - will break their context:

@echo off
if A equ A (
) else (
 	echo You didn't expected to see this,did you?

An alternative is to replace the GOTO with a CALL to a subroutine. The subroutine can contain GOTO statements as they will be safely outside the parenthesis.

GOTO breaks the & and && redirection operators.

If GOTO a non existent label is used in conjunction with a negative conditional execution, the line containing the GOTO will be executed, but the rest of the Batch file is cancelled:

goto :non_existent_label || Echo This line will run anything except GOTO ,SHIFT ,SETLOCAL , ENDLOCAL , CALL
:SUBROUTINE echo This will be never displayed.

GOTO is an internal command. If Command Extensions are disabled GOTO will no longer recognise the :EOF label

“GOTO... how bad can it be??...” ~ XKCD


EXIT - Quit the current script/routine and set an errorlevel.
IF - Conditionally perform a command.
CALL - Call one batch program from another.
Powershell: While (condition) {action} else {action}
Equivalent bash command:case - Conditionally perform a command.

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