List of all Oracle Server Parameters

for Oracle 9i and 10g, Green = New in 10g

        Grey  = Valid in 9i but dropped (or hidden) in 10g
        Bold  = Static Parameter - change in Pfile/SPfile
        Normal= Dynamic Parameter - change in Pfile/SPfile/ALTER SYSTEM/SESSION

   PARAMETER                       DESCRIPTION
  ------------------------------  ----------------------------------------
   ACTIVE_INSTANCE_COUNT  = int   Active instances in the cluster
   AQ_TM_PROCESSES = int          Number of AQ Time Managers to start
   ARCHIVE_LAG_TARGET = int       Max no. seconds of redos the standby could lose
   asm_diskgroups = string        Disk groups to mount automatically
   asm_diskstring = string        Disk set locations for discovery
   asm_power_limit = int          Number of processes for disk rebalancing
   AUDIT_FILE_DEST = 'directory'  Directory in which auditing files are to reside
   AUDIT_SYS_OPERATIONS = {TRUE|FALSE}
   AUDIT_TRAIL = {NONE | FALSE | DB | TRUE | OS} Enable system auditing 9i
   AUDIT_TRAIL = {NONE | DB | DB_EXTENDED| OS}Enable system auditing 10g

   BACKGROUND_CORE_DUMP = {PARTIAL | FULL} 
   BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST = 'path or directory'
   BACKUP_TAPE_IO_SLAVES = {TRUE | FALSE} DEFERRED
   BITMAP_MERGE_AREA_SIZE = int   Memory for BITMAP MERGE
   BLANK_TRIMMING  = {TRUE|FALSE}
   CIRCUITS = int
   CLUSTER_DATABASE = {TRUE|FALSE}    If TRUE startup in cluster database mode
   CLUSTER_DATABASE_INSTANCES = int
   CLUSTER_INTERCONNECTS  = ipaddr [:ipaddr…] Interconnects for RAC use 
   COMMIT_POINT_STRENGTH = int
   COMPATIBLE = release_number     [CHAR: 9.2.0.0.0]
   CONSTRAINT[S] = { IMMEDIATE | DEFERRED | DEFAULT } 
   CONTROL_FILE_RECORD_KEEP_TIME = int   Time in Days
   CONTROL_FILES =filename [,filename […] ] 
   CORE_DUMP_DEST = 'text'
   CPU_COUNT = int
   CREATE_BITMAP_AREA_SIZE = int
   CREATE_STORED_OUTLINES = {TRUE | FALSE | 'category_name' } [NOOVERRIDE]
   CURSOR_SHARING = {SIMILAR | EXACT | FORCE}
   CURSOR_SPACE_FOR_TIME = {TRUE|FALSE}
   CURRENT_SCHEMA = schema        Change the current schema of the session

   DB_2k_cache_size = int bytes         Size of cache for 2K buffers
   DB_4k_cache_size = int bytes         Size of cache for 4K buffers 
   DB_8k_cache_size = int bytes         Size of cache for 8K buffers
   DB_16k_cache_size = int bytes        Size of cache for 16K buffers
   DB_32k_cache_size = int bytes        Size of cache for 32K buffers
   DB_BLOCK_BUFFERS = int Deprecated in favour of DB_CACHE_ SIZE
   DB_BLOCK_CHECKING = {TRUE | FALSE} DEFERRED
   DB_BLOCK_CHECKSUM = {TRUE | FALSE}
   DB_BLOCK_SIZE = int  [bytes] Do not alter after db creation
   DB_CACHE_ADVICE = {ON | READY | OFF}
   DB_CACHE_SIZE = int [bytes]
   DB_CREATE_FILE_DEST = directory
   DB_CREATE_ONLINE_LOG_DEST_n = directory  (where n = 1-5)
                             Default locn for Oracle-managed control files and online redo logs.
   DB_DOMAIN = domain_name   Directory part of global database name
   DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT = int
   DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT = [(]'dbfile1' , 'dbfile2'…[)] 
                          Datafile name convert patterns and strings
                          for standby/clone db [old string, new string]
   DB_FILES = int
   db_flashback_retention_target = int   Max Flashback Database log retention (minutes)
   DB_KEEP_CACHE_SIZE  = int [bytes]
   DB_NAME = database_name
   db_recovery_file_dest = string    Default database recovery file location
   db_recovery_file_dest_size = int  Database recovery files size limit
   DB_RECYCLE_CACHE_SIZE = int [bytes]
   db_unique_name = string           Database Unique Name
   DB_WRITER_PROCESSES = int         Number of background database writer
                                     processes to start
   DBLINK_ENCRYPT_LOGIN = {TRUE|FALSE}  Enforce password encryption for distributed login
   DBWR_IO_SLAVES = int
   DDL_WAIT_FOR_LOCKS = {TRUE|FALSE}  Disable NOWAIT DML lock acquisitions 
   DG_BROKER_CONFIG_FILEn = filename  (where n = 1 or 2)
   DG_BROKER_START = {TRUE|FALSE}
   DISK_ASYNCH_IO = {TRUE|FALSE}
   DISPATCHERS = 'dispatch_clause' (see SQL ref manual for detail)(MTS_Dispatchers in Ora 8/9)
   DISTRIBUTED_LOCK_TIMEOUT = int
   DML_LOCKS = int            One for each table modified in a transaction  
   DRS_START = {TRUE|FALSE}   Start DG Broker monitor (DMON process)

   ERROR_ON_OVERLAP_TIME = {TRUE | FALSE}
   ENQUEUE_RESOURCES = int    Resources for enqueues
   EVENT = debug_string       Debug event control

   FAL_CLIENT = string        Fetch archive log Client
   FAL_SERVER = string        Fetch archive log Server
   FAST_START_IO_TARGET = int     Upper bound on recovery reads(Deprecated) 
   FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET = int
   FAST_START_PARALLEL_ROLLBACK = {FALSE | LOW | HIGH}
                                  Max number of parallel recovery slaves
   FILE_MAPPING = {TRUE|FALSE}
   FILEIO_NETWORK_ADAPTERS = char      Network Adapters for File I/O
   FILESYSTEMIO_OPTIONS = {none | setall | directIO | asynch}
   FIXED_DATE = {'YYYY_MM_DD_HH24_MI-SS' | 'date in default format'}
                                  Fix SYSDATE value for debugging

   GC_FILES_TO_LOCKS = '{file_list=lock_count[!blocks][EACH][:…]}' 
                                  RAC/OPS - lock granularity number of 
                                  global cache locks per file (DFS)
   GCS_SERVER_PROCESSES = int     Number of background gcs server processes to start
   GLOBAL_CONTEXT_POOL_SIZE = {1 MB | int MB}
   GLOBAL_NAMES = {TRUE | FALSE}  Enforce that database links have same
                                  name as remote database

   HASH_AREA_SIZE = int        Size of in-memory hash work area (Shared Server)
   HASH_JOIN_ENABLED = {TRUE|FALSE}
   HI_SHARED_MEMORY_ADDRESS = int    SGA starting address (high order 32-bits
                                     on 64-bit platforms)
   HS_AUTOREGISTER = {TRUE | FALSE}  Enable automatic server DD updates in HS
                                     agent self-registration

   IFILE = parameter_file_name       Include file in init.ora
   INSTANCE = int                    Connect to a different RAC instance
   INSTANCE_GROUPS = group_name [,group_name … ] 
   INSTANCE_NAME = instance_id 
   INSTANCE_NUMBER = int
   INSTANCE_TYPE = {RDBMS|ASM}    Type of instance to be executed
                                  RDBMS or Automated Storage Management
   ISOLATION_LEVEL = {SERIALIZABLE | READ COMMITTED}

   JAVA_MAX_SESSIONSPACE_SIZE = int [bytes]
   JAVA_POOL_SIZE = int [bytes]
   JAVA_SOFT_SESSIONSPACE_LIMIT = int
   JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES = int

   LARGE_POOL_SIZE = int [bytes] 
   LICENSE_MAX_SESSIONS = int    Maximum number of non-system user sessions
                                 (concurrent licensing)
   LICENSE_MAX_USERS = int       Maximum number of named users that can be created
                                 (named user licensing)
   LICENSE_SESSIONS_WARNING = int Warning level for number of non-system
                                  user sessions 
   LOCAL_LISTENER = network_name  Define which listeners instances register with
   LOCK_NAME_SPACE = namespace    Used for generating lock names for standby/primary database 
                                  assign each a unique name space
   LOCK_SGA = {TRUE | FALSE}
   LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG = [SEND|NOSEND] [RECEIVE|NORECEIVE] [ DG_CONFIG]                       
   LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST = string
   LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n = {null_string | 
      {LOCATION=local_pathname | SERVICE=tnsnames_service} 
          [MANDATORY | OPTIONAL] [REOPEN[=integer]]} 
   LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_n = {ENABLE | DEFER}   (n = 1-10)
   LOG_ARCHIVE_DUPLEX_DEST = string
   LOG_ARCHIVE_FORMAT = string    [CHAR: "MyApp%S.ARC"]
   LOG_ARCHIVE_LOCAL_FIRST = {TRUE|FALSE}    Establish EXPEDITE attribute default value 
   LOG_ARCHIVE_MAX_PROCESSES = int
   LOG_ARCHIVE_MIN_SUCCEED_DEST = int   Minimum number of archive destinations
                                        that must succeed
   LOG_ARCHIVE_START = {TRUE | FALSE}
   LOG_ARCHIVE_TRACE = int            Tracing level for Archive logs
   LOG_BUFFER = int bytes             Redo circular buffer size
   LOG_CHECKPOINT_INTERVAL = int      Checkpoint threshold, # redo blocks
   LOG_CHECKPOINT_TIMEOUT = int       Checkpoint threshold, maximum time interval between
                                      checkpoints in seconds
   LOG_CHECKPOINTS_TO_ALERT = {TRUE|FALSE}    Log checkpoint begin/end to alert file 
   LOG_FILE_NAME_CONVERT = ['old string','new string']
                                    Convert patterns/strings for standby/clone db 
   LOG_PARALLELISM = int           Number of log buffer strands 
   LOGMNR_MAX_PERSISTENT_SESSIONS = int  Maximum no of threads to mine

   MAX_DISPATCHERS = int         Max number of dispatchers
   MAX_DUMP_FILE_SIZE = {size bytes|UNLIMITED} [DEFERRED]
   MAX_ENABLED_ROLES = int       Max number of roles a user can have enabled 
   MAX_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS = int   Max number of rollback segments in SGA cache
   MAX_SHARED_SERVERS = int      Max number of shared servers]
   mts_circuits = int        Max number of circuits (10g see CIRCUITS) 
   mts_dispatchers           Specifications of dispatchers (10g see DISPATCHERS)
   MTS_LISTENER_ADDRESS      Address(es) of network listener [CHAR]
   mts_max_dispatchers       Max number of dispatchers (10g see MAX_DISPATCHERS)
   mts_max_servers           Max number of shared servers (10g see MAX_SHARED_SERVERS)
   MTS_MULTIPLE_LISTENERS = {TRUE|FALSE}   Are multiple listeners enabled?
   MTS_SERVERS = int         Number of shared servers to start up [NUMBER]
   mts_service = string      Service supported by dispatchers [CHAR]
   mts_sessions = int        max number of shared server sessions [NUMBER]
   
   nls_calendar ='string'      NLS calendar system name (Default=GREGORIAN)
   nls_comp = {BINARY | ANSI}  NLS comparison, Enterprise Edition 
   nls_currency ='string'      NLS local currency symbol
   nls_date_format ='format'   NLS Oracle date format
   nls_date_language =language NLS date language name (Default=AMERICAN)]
   nls_dual_currency = currency_symbol
   nls_iso_currency = territory    Override the default set by NLS_TERRITORY
   nls_language = language         NLS language name (session default)
   nls_length_semantics = {BYTE|CHAR}}  Default when creating new columns 
   nls_nchar_conv_excp = {TRUE|FALSE}  Raise an exception instead of
                                       allowing an implicit conversion
   nls_numeric_characters ="decimal_character group_separator"
   nls_sort = {BINARY |linguistic_def}     Case-sensitive or insensitive sort
                                  linguistic_def may be BINARY, BINARY_CI, BINARY_AI,
                                  GERMAN, GERMAN_CI, etc
   nls_territory = territory          Territory name (country settings)
   nls_time_format =time_format       Time format 
   nls_time_tz_format = time_format   Time with timezone format 
   nls_timestamp_format = time_format     Timestamp format 
   nls_timestamp_tz_format = time_format  Timestamp with timezone format 
 
   O7_DICTIONARY_ACCESSIBILITY = {TRUE | FALSE}   Allow Dictionary Access (as in Ora V7 )
   OBJECT_CACHE_MAX_SIZE_PERCENT = int DEFERRED   Space for application objects Max
   OBJECT_CACHE_OPTIMAL_SIZE = int DEFERRED       Space for application objects Min
   OLAP_PAGE_POOL_SIZE =int bytes
   OPEN_CURSORS = int              Max # cursors per session 
   OPEN_LINKS = int                Max # open links per Session 
   OPEN_LINKS_PER_INSTANCE = int   Max # open links per instance 
   OPTIMIZER_DYNAMIC_SAMPLING = int
   OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE = {8.0.0|8.0.3|8.0.4|8.0.5|8.0.6|8.0.7|8.1.0|8.1.3|8.1.4|8.1.5|8.1.6|8.1.7|9.0.0|9.0.1|9.2.0}
                               Configure qry optimiser based on an Oracle release No.
   OPTIMIZER_INDEX_CACHING = int     Percent to cache (favour nested loop joins & IN-list)
   OPTIMIZER_INDEX_COST_ADJ = int    Adjust the cost of index vs FTS
   OPTIMIZER_MAX_PERMUTATIONS = int  Max join permutations per qry block
   OPTIMIZER_MODE = [RULE | CHOOSE | FIRST_ROWS | ALL_ROWS]
   oracle_trace_collection_name =collection   Name for use by Oracle TRACE 
   oracle_trace_collection_path =path         Path to .cdf & .dat files (ORACLE_HOME/otrace/admin/cdf)
   oracle_trace_collection_size =int bytes    Max trace file size 
   oracle_trace_enable = {TRUE|FALSE}         Enable Oracle Trace
   oracle_trace_facility_name ={ORACLED | ORACLEE | ORACLESM | ORACLEC}    TRACE event set
   oracle_trace_facility_path =path           TRACE definition files:  ORACLE_HOME/otrace/admin/fdf/ 
   OS_AUTHENT_PREFIX = prefix                 Prefix for auto-logon accounts [string]
   OS_ROLES = {TRUE|FALSE}                    Retrieve roles from the operating system

   PARALLEL_ADAPTIVE_MULTI_USER = {TRUE | FALSE}  Tune degree of parallelism 
   PARALLEL_AUTOMATIC_TUNING = {TRUE|FALSE}       Automatic tuning
   PARALLEL_EXECUTION_MESSAGE_SIZE = int bytes    Message buffer size
   PARALLEL_INSTANCE_GROUP = 'group'              RAC: Limit instances used
   PARALLEL_MAX_SERVERS = int
   PARALLEL_MIN_PERCENT = int                Min percent of threads required for
                                             parallel query
   PARALLEL_MIN_SERVERS = int
   PARALLEL_SERVER = [TRUE | FALSE]          Startup in parallel server mode 
   PARALLEL_SERVER_instances = int           No. of instances (used for sizing SGA)
   PARALLEL_THREADS_PER_CPU = int
   PARTITION_VIEW_ENABLED = {TRUE|FALSE}     Deprecated (use partition TABLES)
   PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET = int bytes          Automatically size the SQL working area
   plsql_code_type ={INTERPRETED | NATIVE}   Code-type
   PLSQL_COMPILER_FLAGS = { [DEBUG | NON_DEBUG] [INTERPRETED | NATIVE] } 
   plsql_debug ={TRUE | FALSE}
   plsql_native_c_compiler
   plsql_native_library_dir = ['Path_to_directory']
   plsql_native_library_subdir_count = int
   plsql_native_linker =path             Path to linker
   plsql_native_make_file_name =path     Pathname of make file
   plsql_native_make_utility =path       Pathname of make utility
   plsql_optimize_level                  Optimize level 
   PLSQL_V2_COMPATIBILITY = {TRUE | FALSE} [DEFERRED]
   plsql_warnings =string                Compiler warnings settings 
                                  See also DBMS_WARNING and DBA_PLSQL_OBJECT_SETTINGS 
   PRE_PAGE_SGA = {TRUE|FALSE}           Pre-page sga for process
   PROCESSES = int                       User processes

   QUERY_REWRITE_ENABLED = {FORCE | TRUE | FALSE} [DEFERRED | NOOVERRIDE]
   QUERY_REWRITE_INTEGRITY = {ENFORCED | TRUSTED | STALE_TOLERATED}

   RDBMS_SERVER_DN = Distinguished Name
   READ_ONLY_OPEN_DELAYED = {TRUE | FALSE}   Delay opening read_only files until first access
   RECOVERY_PARALLELISM = int    Server processes to use for parallel recovery
   REMOTE_ARCHIVE_ENABLE = [RECEIVE[,SEND] | FALSE | TRUE]
                                 Enable or disable sending archived redo logs to/from remote destinations 
   REMOTE_DEPENDENCIES_MODE = {TIMESTAMP | SIGNATURE}
                                 Remote-procedure-call dependencies mode

   REMOTE_LISTENER =network_name
   REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE ={NONE | SHARED | EXCLUSIVE}    Use a password file 
   REMOTE_OS_AUTHENT = {TRUE | FALSE}    Allow non-secure remote clients to use
                                         auto-logon accounts 
   REMOTE_OS_ROLES = {TRUE | FALSE}      Allow non-secure remote clients to use os roles
   REPLICATION_DEPENDENCY_TRACKING = {TRUE | FALSE}
   RESOURCE_LIMIT = {TRUE | FALSE}       Master switch for resource limit
   RESOURCE_MANAGER_PLAN = plan_name     Turn on Resource Manager plan
   resumable_timeout =seconds            Set resumable_timeout 
   ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS = (rbs1 [, rbs2] … )
   ROW_LOCKING = [ALWAYS | DEFAULT | INTENT]

   SERIAL_REUSE =    {DISABLE | SELECT | DML | PLSQL | ALL}   Cursor memmory management
   SERVICE_NAMES = db_service_name [,db_service_name [,…] ] 
   SESSION_CACHED_CURSORS = int          Session cursors to cache 
   SESSION_MAX_OPEN_FILES = int          Max no. of BFiles (LOB) each session can open 
   SESSIONS = int                        Max no. of user and system sessions
   SGA_MAX_SIZE =int bytes               Initial SGA size
   sga_target = int bytes                 Target size of SGA
   SHADOW_CORE_DUMP = {PARTIAL | FULL | NONE}  Include SGA in core file
   SHARED_MEMORY_ADDRESS = int                 SGA starting address (platform specific) 
   SHARED_POOL_RESERVED_SIZE = int bytes       Reserved area of shared pool
   SHARED_POOL_SIZE = int         Size of shared pool 
   SHARED_SERVERS = int           Number of shared servers to start up (MTS)
   SHARED_SERVER_SESSIONS = int   Max number of shared server sessions
   SKIP_UNUSABLE_INDEXES  = {TRUE | FALSE}
   smtp_out_server = server_clause               utl_smtp server and port configuration parameter
   SORT_AREA_RETAINED_SIZE =int bytes [DEFERRED]   UGA Memory to retain (Shared Server)
   SORT_AREA_SIZE = int bytes [DEFERRED]           In-memory sort work area (Shared Server)
   SORT_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT     Obsolete in 9i
   SPFILE =spfile_name            Parameter file 
   sp_name =name                  Service Provider Name
   SQL92_SECURITY  = {TRUE | FALSE}     Require select privilege for update/delete
   SQL_TRACE = {TRUE | FALSE}           Enable SQL trace
   sqltune_category =category           Qualifier for applying hintsets 
   SQL_VERSION =version                 Sql language version, for compatibility
   STANDBY_ARCHIVE_DEST = 'filespec'    Standby database archivelog destination
   STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT = {MANUAL | AUTO}
                                        Automate file mmanagement on standby DB
   STAR_TRANSFORMATION_ENABLED = {TEMP_DISABLE | TRUE | FALSE}
   STATISTICS_LEVEL = {ALL | TYPICAL | BASIC}        Collect Statistics
   streams_pool_size = int bytes        Size of the streams pool

   TAPE_ASYNCH_IO = {TRUE | FALSE}      Allow I/O requests to tape devices at the same time as CPU processing
   THREAD =int                          Redo thread to use (RAC)
   TIMED_OS_STATISTICS = int            Gather OS statistics every x seconds
   TIMED_STATISTICS = {TRUE | FALSE}    Collect time statistics 
   TIME_ZONE =  '[+ | -] hh:mm'| LOCAL | DBTIMEZONE | 'time_zone_region'
   TRACE_ENABLED = {TRUE | FALSE}       Trace execution path (Internal use only-Oracle support services)
   TRACEFILE_IDENTIFIER = "traceid"     Trace file custom identifier
   TRANSACTION_AUDITING = {TRUE | FALSE} [DEFERRED]
   TRANSACTIONS = int                    Max. number of concurrent active transactions 
   TRANSACTIONS_PER_ROLLBACK_SEGMENT = int

   UNDO_MANAGEMENT = {MANUAL | AUTO}    Undo space management mode (Manual=rollback segs)
   UNDO_RETENTION = int                 Undo retention in second
   UNDO_SUPPRESS_ERRORS  = {TRUE |FALSE}     Suppress RBU errors in SMU mode 
   UNDO_TABLESPACE =undoname            Select an undo tablespace
   USE_INDIRECT_DATA_BUFFERS = {TRUE|FALSE}  Configure SGA Memory cache for >4Gb RAM
   USE_PRIVATE_OUTLINES = {TRUE |FALSE |category_name } 
   USE_STORED_OUTLINES = { TRUE |FALSE |category_name} [NOOVERRIDE]
   USER_DUMP_DEST = 'directory_name'    User process dump directory 
   UTL_FILE_DIR                         Utl_file accessible directories list
                                   UTL_FILE_DIR ='Path1', 'Path2'..
					                     or
                                   UTL_FILE_DIR ='Path1'  # Must be
                                   UTL_FILE_DIR ='Path2'  # consecutive entries

   WORKAREA_SIZE_POLICY = {AUTO | MANUAL}    Policy used to size SQL working areas

Session & other Parameters

The following parameters are not initialization parameters:
CONSTRAINT, CREATE_STORED_OUTLINES, CURRENT_SCHEMA, ERROR_ON_OVERLAP_TIME, FLAGGER, INSTANCE, ISOLATION_LEVEL , SQL_TRACE?, SKIP_UNUSABLE_INDEXES, TIME_ZONE, USE_PRIVATE_OUTLINES, USE_STORED_OUTLINES.
You cannot set values for these in the parameter file (pfile/spfile)

SQL_TRACE is an initialization parameter, but when changed in a user session, does not update V$PARAMETER.

TRANSACTIONS can be changed in the parameter file or using ALTER SYSTEM…SCOPE=SPFILE

Notes
All Byte values can also be specified in K or M or G

e.g. you can enter 8388608 or 8192 K or 8M

All directory paths follow standard notation i.e UNIX 'quotes' or Windows "double quotes"

The default value for many of these parameters does vary across Operating System platforms.

New parameters in 9.2

audit_sys_operations, dg_broker_start, dg_broker_config_file_n, file_mapping, filesystem_io_options, log_parallelism, olap_page_pool_size, optimizer_dynamic_sampling, statistics_level.

New parameters in 10G

asm_diskgroups, asm_diskstring, asm_power_limit, db_flashback_retention_target, db_recovery_file_dest, db_recovery_file_dest_size, db_unique_name, ddl_wait_for_locks, fileio_network_adapters, gcs_server_processes, instance_type, ldap_directory_access, log_archive_config, log_archive_local_first, plsql_code_type, plsql_debug, plsql_optimize_level, plsql_warnings, resumable_timeout, sga_target, smtp_out_server, sp_name, sqltune_category, streams_pool_size.

New parameters in 11G

asm_preferred_read_failure_groups, client_result_cache_lag, client_result_cache_size, commit_logging, commit_wait, control_management_pack_access, db_lost_write_protect, db_securefile, db_ultra_safe, ddl_lock_timeout, diagnostic_dest, global_txn_processes, java_jit_enabled, ldap_directory_sysauth, memory_max_target, memory_target, optimizer_capture_sql_plan_baselines, optimizer_use_invisible_indexes, optimizer_use_pending_statistics, optimizer_use_sql_plan_baselines, parallel_io_cap_enabled, plscope_settings, redo_transport_user, resource_manager_cpu_allocation, result_cache_max_result, result_cache_max_size, result_cache_mode, result_cache_remote_expiration, sec_case_sensitive_logon, sec_max_failed_login_attempts, sec_protocol_error_further_action, sec_protocol_error_trace_action, sec_return_server_release_banner, xml_db_events

"Happiness, wealth, and success are by-products of goal setting; they cannot be the goal themselves" ~ Denis Waitley, The Joy of Working

Related

Server Parameter Files - Examples - How to Edit
V$PARAMETER
V$SpPARAMETER
ALTER SYSTEM
Server Parameters - OraFaq.com
Oracle Memory Architecture (Powerpoint)


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