New-Alias

Create a new alias.

Syntax
      New-Alias [ [-name] string[] ]  [-value] string [-description string] 
         [-option option] [-passThru] [-scope string] [-force] 
             [-whatIf] [-confirm] [CommonParameters]
Key
   -name string[]
       The alias to create, the first character cannot be a number.

   -value string
       The name of the cmdlet or command element that is being aliased.

   -description string
       A description for the alias.

   -option option
       The valid options are: 
         None    : Set no options. (default) 
         ReadOnly: The alias cannot be changed unless you use -Force. 
         Constant: The alias cannot be changed, even by using -Force. 
         Private : The alias is available only within the scope specified by -Scope. 
                   It is invisible in all other scopes.

   -passThru 
       Pass the object created by this cmdlet through the pipeline. 

   -scope string
       The scope in which this alias is valid. 
       Valid values are "Global", "Local", or "Script", or a number relative
       to the current scope ( 0 through the number of scopes, where 0 is the
       current scope and 1 is its parent). "Local" is the default.
       For more, type "get-help about_scope".

   -force
       If set, act like set-alias if the alias name already exists.

   -whatIf
       Describe what would happen if you executed the command without actually
       executing the command.

   -confirm
       Prompt for confirmation before executing the command.

   CommonParameters:
       -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -WarningAction, -WarningVariable,
       -OutBuffer -OutVariable.

Standard Aliases for New-Alias: nal

Changes you make to an alias are lost when you exit the session or close PowerShell unless you add the alias to the startup PowerShell profile. You can also use Export-Alias and Import-Alias to save and restore alias information from a file.

Aliases are primarily designed to promote high-speed interactive use of PowerShell, when writing scripts that will be shared with other users it is often better to use the full cmdlet names as this will improve the scripts readability.

You can assign an alias to a cmdlet, script, function, or executable file, but you cannot assign an alias to a command and its parameters. For example, you can assign an alias to Get-Eventlog, but you cannot assign an alias to Get-Eventlog -logname security. However, you can create a function that includes such a command.

The 'built-in' aliases supplied with PowerShell have the option AllScope set, so they will survive any changes in scope.
The 'built-in' aliases that are idiomatic to PowerShell also have the ReadOnly option set.
Removing or redefining the built-in read-only Aliases is possible (using -FORCE) but is strongly discouraged.

Read-Write aliases such as cat or ls may be redefined to mimic the functionality of other shells. For example, you might create a function that acts as an improved get-content, call it get-content2 and then redefine cat as get-content2, this leaves the original cmdlet name available unchanged for use in scripts that you share with other users.

Token resolution works by first expanding aliases then binding to a function, then a cmdlet, lastly as an external executable.

Examples

Create an alias named 'list' to represent Get-ChildItem:

PS C:\> new-alias list get-childitem

Create a ReadOnly alias named 'w' to represent Get-WMIObject:

PS C:\> new-alias -name w -value get-wmiobject -description "wmi alias" -option ReadOnly

Uses Get-Alias to display all the information about the alias called 'List':

PS C:\> get-alias -name list | format-list *

Associate the alias, "np", with the executable file for Notepad:

PS C:\> Set-Alias np c:\windows\notepad.exe

Create a function that will set location as C:\windows\system32 and then assign the alias "cd32", to the new function:

PS C:\> function func32 {set-location c:\windows\system32}
PS C:\> set-alias cd32 func32 

“If there is a sin against life, it consists perhaps not so much in despairing of life as in hoping for another life and in eluding the implacable grandeur of this life” ~ Albert Camus

Related:

Export-Alias epal Export an alias list to a file
import-Alias - Import an alias list from a file
Get-Alias - Return alias names for Cmdlets
Set-Alias - Map an alias to a Cmdlet
class: System.Management.Automation.AliasInfo
Equivalent bash command: alias - Create an alias


© Copyright SS64.com 1999-2014
Some rights reserved