Convert a full pathname to just a path.

     dirname pathname

Prints all but the final slash-delimited component of a string (presumably a filename).
If PATHNAME is a single component, dirname prints . (meaning the current directory)


Extract the path from the variable pathnamevar and store in the variable result using parameter expansion $( )

$ result=$(dirname "$pathnamevar")

"How beautiful the leaves grow old. How full of light and color are their last days" ~ John Burroughs

Related linux commands

hash - Remember the full pathname of a name argument.
ls - List information about File(s).
which - Show full path of commands.
Equivalent Windows command: SET Parameters - get a full or partial pathname from a variable.

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