Print kernel (and driver) messages, control the kernel ring buffer.
Syntax dmesg [ -c ] [ -n level ] [ -s bufsize ]
The dmesg program allows you to print system messages from the buffer (mostly kernel and drivers loading at bootup) and can also be used to configure the kernel ring buffer.
-c Clear the ring buffer contents after printing. -s bufsize Use a buffer of size bufsize to query the kernel ring buffer. This is 16392 by default. (The default kernel syslog buffer size was 4096 at first, 8192 since 1.3.54, 16384 since 2.1.113.) If you have set the kernel buffer to be larger than the default then this option can be used to view the entire buffer. -n level Set the level at which logging of messages is done to the console. For example, -n 1 prevents all messages, expect panic messages, from appearing on the console. All levels of messages are still written to /proc/kmsg, so syslogd(8) can still be used to control exactly where kernel messages appear. When the -n option is used, dmesg will not print or clear the kernel ring buffer.
When both options are used, only the last option on the command line will have an effect.
As it's a ring-buffer, it will automatically cycle out old information when the buffer is full.
Print all the bootup messages to a file:
$ sudo dmesg > messages.txt
Print recent messages:
$ sudo dmesg | tail -f
“If we want a love message to be heard, it has got to be sent out. To keep a lamp burning, we have to keep putting oil in it” ~ Mother Teresa
chkconfig - updates and queries runlevel information for system services.
syslogd - Linux system logging utilities.