Cross platform utility to download video+audio either single files or entire playlists. Supports YouTube, Vimeo etc.
Syntax youtube-dl [OPTIONS] URL [URL...] Options -F, --list-formats List all available formats. -f, --format FORMAT Video format code, see example below. -i, --ignore-errors Continue on download errors, for example to skip unavailable videos in a playlist. --abort-on-error Cancel downloading of further videos (in the playlist or the command line) if an error occurs. --no-playlist Download only the video, if the URL refers to a video and a playlist. --yes-playlist Download the playlist, if the URL refers to a video and a playlist. -a, --batch-file FILE File containing URLs to download ('-' for stdin.) --restrict-filenames Restrict filenames to only ASCII characters, and avoid "&" and spaces in filenames. -w, --no-overwrites Do not overwrite files. --write-description Write video description to a .description file. --write-info-json Write video metadata to a .info.json file. --write-annotations Write video annotations to a .annotations.xml file. -q, --quiet Activate quiet mode. --no-mtime Set the file last modified date/time to the download date/time. --no-warnings Ignore warnings. --console-title Display progress in console titlebar. --sleep-interval SECONDS Number of seconds to sleep before each download. -h, --help Print this help text and exit. -U, --update Update this program to latest version. Make sure that you have sufficient permissions (run with sudo if needed.) --version Print program version and exit.
Above is a summary of the options, for a full list including network/proxy/filtering options, run youtube-dl --help
The files are downloaded to the current directory.
1) Download youtube-dl to /usr/local/bin/
sudo curl -L https://yt-dl.org/downloads/latest/youtube-dl -o /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
( If /usr/local/bin does not already exist, then create it with sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/bin )
or the alternative YT-DLP fork with some extra features and prettier output:
sudo curl -L https://github.com/yt-dlp/yt-dlp/releases/latest/download/yt-dlp -o /usr/local/bin/yt-dlp
2) Apply permissions:
sudo chmod a+rx /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
or for YT-DLP:
sudo chmod a+rx /usr/local/bin/yt-dlp
3) Install ffmpeg for converting file formats:
Download ffmpeg and copy it to /usr/local/bin/
sudo chmod a+rx /usr/local/bin/ffmpeg
The right-click and open ffmpeg so that macOS will recognise and allow it to be run.
4) For M1 macs/Monterey install a recent non-beta copy of Python from Python.org (around 40 MB).
The installer will put python into /usr/local/bin/
after the installer has finished run the two shell scripts which you will find under /Applications/Python 3.10/ from the terminal:
Update Shell Profile.command
First list the available formats with -F
$ youtube-dl -F https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG1VVFfOnYQ 140 m4a audio only DASH audio 127k , m4a_dash container, aac @128k (44100Hz), 3.77MiB 141 m4a audio only DASH audio 255k , m4a_dash container, aac @256k (44100Hz), 7.57MiB *** 160 mp4 256x144 DASH video 113k , 12fps, video only, 3.24MiB 133 mp4 426x240 DASH video 269k , 24fps, video only, 7.27MiB 134 mp4 640x360 DASH video 272k , 24fps, video only, 6.55MiB 244 webm 854x480 DASH video 504k , 24fps, video only, 7.95MiB 135 mp4 854x480 DASH video 540k , 24fps, video only, 13.33MiB 136 mp4 1280x720 DASH video 1155k , 24fps, video only, 26.62MiB 248 webm 1920x1080 DASH video 1797k , 24fps, video only, 30.81MiB 137 mp4 1920x1080 DASH video 2750k , 24fps, video only, 57.97MiB *** 43 webm 640x360 18 mp4 640x360 22 mp4 1280x720 (best)
Using the numeric codes in the first column, you can select a specific size of Video and Audio.
So in this example, we want 1080p video (137) plus 255K audio (141) so the command becomes:
$ youtube-dl -f 137+141 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG1VVFfOnYQ
or for TY-DLP use:
$ yt-dlp -f 137+141 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG1VVFfOnYQ
If you just want the (best) possible quality, this is the default so all you need is:
$ youtube-dl https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG1VVFfOnYQ
The (best) quality may not be the largest size, e.g. if a 720p video has been transcoded to 1080p it will be larger but won't look any sharper. However the algorithm for selecting (best) is not perfect so often you will get higher quality by manually selecting the size.
By default the date/time of the downloaded file will be equal to the upload date/time to hopefully give an approximately correct date of the files creation, to disable this and return the downloaded date use the option --no-mtime
You can run youtube-dl directly from any web browser (or any other application) using macOS services and Automator.
Although this makes for an easy to use inferface, this will auto-select the video quality, often defaulting to 720p.
Choose Applications | Automator and then create a new Service (click the Service icon.)
Set the drop-down lists as shown below, pass input 'as arguments'
The Shell script can just be two lines, one to cd change directory to where you want the movie saved, and the second to run youtube-dl passing the URL.
With that done save the Automator Service with a suitable name like "Save Youtube Movie"
To run this, select any URL, in the web browser address bar, or even just a suitable url within a text document, then go to the services menu and select the name of your Automator service "Save Youtube Movie".
(Automator Services are automatically saved to ~/Library/Services/ )
“Make each program do one thing well.
To do a new job, build afresh rather than complicate old programs by adding new features” ~ Ken Thompson
rsync - Remote file copy.
yt-dlp - Fork with additional features.