Print files

      lp [  -E  ]  [ -U username ] [ -c ] [ -d destination[/instance] ] [ -h hostname[:port] ]
         [ -m ] [ -n num-copies ] [ -o option[=value] ]  [ -q priority  ] [ -s ] [ -t title ]
            [ -H handling ] [ -P page-list ] [ -- ]
               [ file(s) ]

      lp [ -E ] [ -U username ] [ -c ] [ -h hostname[:port] ] [ -i job-id ]
         [ -n num-copies ] [ -o option[=value] ] [ -q priority ] [ -t title ]
            [ -H handling ] [ -P page-list ]

   --   Marks the end of options; use this to print a file whose name begins with a dash (-).

   -E   Force encryption when connecting to the server.

   -U username
        Specifies the username to use when connecting to the server.

   -c   This  option is provided for backwards-compatibility only. On systems that support it, this option forces
        the print file to be copied to the spool directory before printing.  In CUPS, print files are always sent
        to the scheduler via IPP which has the  same effect.

   -d destination
        Print files to the named printer.

   -h hostname[:port]
        Chooses an alternate server.

   -i job-id             Specifies an existing job to modify.

   -m   Sends an email when the job is completed.

   -n copies
        Sets the number of copies to print.

   -o "name=value [ ... name=value ]"
        Sets one or more job options.

   -q priority
        Sets the job priority from 1 (lowest) to 100 (highest).  The default priority is 50.

   -s   Do not report the resulting job IDs (silent mode.)

   -t "name"
        Sets the job name.

   -H hh:mm 
   -H hold
   -H immediate
   -H restart
   -H resume
        Specifies when the job should be printed.  A value of immediate will print the file immediately, a value
        of hold will hold the job indefinitely, and a UTC time value (HH:MM) will hold the job until the specified
        UTC (not local) time. Use a value of resume with the -i option to resume a held job.  Use a value of restart
        with the -i option to restart a completed job.

   -P page-list
        Specifies which pages to print in the document. The list can contain a list of numbers and ranges (#-#)
        separated by commas, e.g., "1,3-5,16". The page numbers refer to the output pages and not the document's
        original  pages - options like  "number-up" can affect the numbering of the pages.

   Aside from the printer-specific options reported by the lpoptions(1) command, the following generic options are
   -o media=size                 Sets the page size to size. Most printers support at least the size names "a4", "letter", and "legal".
   -o orientation-requested=4    Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees).
   -o sides=one-sided            Prints on one side of the paper.
   -o sides=two-sided-long-edge  Prints on both sides of the paper for portrait output.
   -o sides=two-sided-short-edge Prints on both sides of the paper for landscape output.
   -o fit-to-page                Scales the print file to fit on the page.
   -o number-up={2|4|6|9|16}     Prints  2,  4,  6,  9, or 16 document (input) pages on each output             page.


Print two copies of a document to the default printer:
$ lp -n 2 filename

Print a double-sided legal document to a printer called "foo":
$ lp -d foo -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge filename

Print a presentation document 2-up to a printer called "foo":
$ lp -d foo -o number-up=2 filename

"Documentation is the castor oil of programming. Managers know it must be good because the programmers hate it so much" ~ Anon

Related macOS commands

enable - Stop or start printers and classes.
lprm - Remove jobs from the print queue.
lpstat - Printer status information.
cancel - Cancel print jobs.
lpr - print files.
lpadmin - printer admin.
lpc - Line printer control program.

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