Print or Check SHA Checksums.

      shasum [OPTION] [FILE]...

      shasum [OPTION] --check [FILE]

   -a, --algorithm    1 (default), 224, 256, 384, 512
   -b, --binary       Read files in binary mode (default on DOS/Windows)
   -c, --check        Check SHA sums against given list
   -p, --portable     Read files in portable mode
                      produces same digest on Windows/Unix/Mac
   -t, --text         Read files in text mode (default)

   The following two options are useful only when verifying checksums:

   -s, --status       don’t output anything, status code shows success
   -w, --warn         warn about improperly formatted SHA checksum lines

   -h, --help         Display help and exit
   -v, --version      Output version information and exit

   With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

The sums are computed as described in FIPS PUB 180-2. When checking, the input should be a former output of this program. The default mode is to print a line with checksum, a character indicating type ('*' for binary, '?' for portable, ' ' for text), and name for each FILE.

The shasum script provides the easiest and most convenient way to compute SHA message digests. Rather than writing a program, the user feeds data to the script via the command line, and waits for the results to be printed on standard output. Data can be fed to shasum through files, standard input, or both.

The following command shows how easy it is to compute digests for typical inputs such as the NIST test vector "abc":

perl -e "print qw(abc)" | shasum

Or, if you want to use SHA-256 instead of the default SHA-1, say:

perl -e "print qw(abc)" | shasum -a 256

Since shasum uses the same interface employed by the familiar sha1sum program (and its somewhat outmoded anscestor md5sum), you can install this script as a convenient drop-in replacement.

shasum is implemented using the Perl module Digest::SHA or Digest::SHA::PurePerl. author: Mark Shelor Copyright (c) 2003-2008


Calculate the sha-256 checksum for example.txt

$ shasum -a 256 example.txt

Or using an alias:

$ alias sha256='shasum -a 256'
$ sha256 example.txt

“In expanding the field of knowledge, we but increase the horizon of ignorance” ~ Henry Miller

Related macOS commands

openssl sha1 example.txt
sha256sum (coreutils).

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