An A-Z Index of Windows CMD commands.

A    
  ADDUSERS Add or list users to/from a CSV file
  ADmodcmd Active Directory Bulk Modify
  ARP Address Resolution Protocol
  ASSOC Change file extension associations •
  ATTRIB Change file attributes
B    
  BCDBOOT Create or repair a system partition
  BCDEDIT Manage Boot Configuration Data
  BITSADMIN Background Intelligent Transfer Service
  BROWSTAT Get domain, browser and PDC info
C    
  CACLS Change file permissions
  CALL Call one batch program from another •
  CERTREQ Request certificate from a certification authority
  CERTUTIL Manage certification authority (CA) files and services
  CD Change Directory - move to a specific Folder •
  CHANGE Change Terminal Server Session properties
  CHANGEPK Upgrade device Edition/Product Key
  CHCP Change the active console Code Page
  CHDIR Change Directory - move to a specific Folder •
  CHKDSK Check Disk - check and repair disk problems
  CHKNTFS Check the NTFS file system
  CHOICE Accept keyboard input to a batch file
  CIPHER Encrypt or Decrypt files/folders
  CleanMgr Automated cleanup of Temp files, recycle bin
  CLIP Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard
  CLS Clear the screen •
  CMD Start a new CMD shell
  CMDKEY Manage stored usernames/passwords
  COLOR Change colors of the CMD window •
  COMP Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
  COMPACT Compress files or folders on an NTFS partition
  COMPRESS Compress one or more files
  CON Console input
  CONVERT Convert a FAT drive to NTFS
  COPY Copy one or more files to another location •
  Coreinfo Show the mapping between logical & physical processors
  CSCcmd Client-side caching (Offline Files)
  CSVDE Import or Export Active Directory data
  CURL Transfer data from or to a server
D    
  DATE Display or set the date •
  DEFRAG Defragment hard drive
  DEL Delete one or more files •
  DELPROF Delete user profiles
  DELTREE Delete a folder and all subfolders
  DevCon Device Manager Command Line Utility
  DIR Display a list of files and folders •
  DIRQUOTA File Server Resource Manager Disk quotas
  DIRUSE Display disk usage
  DISKPART Disk Administration
  DISKSHADOW Volume Shadow Copy Service
  DISKUSE Show the space used in folders
  DISM Deployment Image Servicing and Management
  DisplaySwitch Specify which display to use and how to use it
  DNSCMD Manage DNS servers
  DOSKEY Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros
  DriverQuery Display installed device drivers
  DSACLs Active Directory ACLs
  DSAdd Add items to Active Directory (user group computer)
  DSGet View items in Active Directory (user group computer)
  DSQuery Search Active Directory (user group computer)
  DSMod Modify items in Active Directory (user group computer)
  DSMove Move an Active Directory Object
  DSRM Remove items from Active Directory
  Dsmgmt Directory Service Management
E    
  ECHO Display message on screen •
  ENDLOCAL End localisation of the environment in a batch file •
  ERASE Delete one or more files •
  EVENTCREATE  Add a message to the Windows event log
  EXIT Quit the current script/routine and set an errorlevel •
  EXPAND Uncompress CAB files
  EXPLORER Open Windows Explorer
  EXTRACT Uncompress CAB files
F    
  FC Compare two files
  FIND Search for a text string in a file
  FINDSTR Search for strings in files
  FLTMC Manage MiniFilter drivers
  FOR /F Loop command: against a set of files •
  FOR /F Loop command: against the results of another command •
  FOR Loop command: all options Files, Directory, List •
  FORFILES Batch process multiple files
  FORMAT Format a disk
  FREEDISK Check free disk space
  FSUTIL File and Volume utilities
  FTP File Transfer Protocol
  FTYPE File extension file type associations •
G    
  GETMAC Display the Media Access Control (MAC) address
  GOTO Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line •
  GPRESULT Display Resultant Set of Policy information
  GPUPDATE Update Group Policy settings
H    
  HELP Online Help
  HOSTNAME Display the host name of the computer
I    
  iCACLS Change file and folder permissions
  IEXPRESS Create a self extracting ZIP file archive
  IF Conditionally perform a command •
  IFMEMBER Is the current user a member of a group
  IPCONFIG Configure IP
  INUSE Replace files that are in use by the OS
L    
  LABEL Edit a disk label
  LGPO Local Group Policy Object utility
  LODCTR Load PerfMon performance counters
  LOGMAN Manage Performance Monitor logs
  LOGOFF Log a user off
  LOGTIME Log the date and time in a file
M    
  MAKECAB Create .CAB files
  MAPISEND Send email from the command line
  Manage-BDE BitLocker Drive Encryption
  MBSAcli Baseline Security Analyzer
  MD Create a new Directory •
  MKLINK Create a symbolic link (linkd) •
  MODE Configure a system device COM/LPT/CON
  MORE Display output, one screen at a time
  MOUNTVOL Manage a volume mount point
  MOVE Move files from one folder to another •
  MOVEUSER Move a user from one domain to another
  MSG Send a message
  MSIEXEC Microsoft Windows Installer
  MSINFO32 System Information
  MSTSC Terminal Server Connection/Remote Desktop Protocol(RDP)
N    
  NET Manage network resources
  NETDOM Domain Manager
  NETSH Configure Network Interfaces, Firewall & Remote access
  NBTSTAT Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)
  NETSTAT Display networking statistics (TCP/IP)
  NLSINFO Display locale information (reskit)
  NLTEST Network Location Test (AD)
  NMBIND Manage Hyper-V network bindings
  NOW Display the current Date and Time
  NSLOOKUP Name server lookup
  NTBACKUP Windows Backup folders to tape
  NTDSUtil Active Directory Domain Services management
  NTRIGHTS Edit user account rights
  NVSPBIND Modify network bindings
O    
  OPENFILES Query or display open files
P    
  PATH Display or set a search path for executable files •
  PATHPING Trace route plus network latency and packet loss
  PAUSE Suspend processing of a batch file •
  PERMS Show permissions for a user
  PING Test a network connection
  PKTMON Monitor internal packet propagation and packet drop reports
  POPD Return to a previous directory saved by PUSHD •
  PORTQRY Display the status of ports and services
  POWERCFG Configure power settings
  PRINT Print a text file
  PRINTBRM Print queue Backup/Recovery
  ProcDump Monitor an application for CPU spikes
  PROMPT Change the command prompt •
  PsExec Execute process remotely
  PsFile Show files opened remotely
  PsGetSid Display the SID of a computer or a user
  PsInfo List information about a system
  PsKill Kill processes by name or process ID
  PsList List detailed information about processes
  PsLoggedOn Who's logged on (locally or via resource sharing)
  PsLogList Event log records
  PsPasswd Change account password
  PsPing Measure network performance
  PsService View and control services
  PsShutdown Shutdown or reboot a computer
  PsSuspend Suspend processes
  PUSHD Save and then change the current directory •
Q    
  QPROCESS Query Process Display processes
  QWinsta Query Session Display all sessions (TS/Remote Desktop)
  QAppSrv Query TermServer List all servers (TS/Remote Desktop)
  QUSER Query User Display user sessions (TS/Remote Desktop)
R    
  RASDIAL Manage RAS connections
  RASPHONE Manage RAS connections
  RD Delete a Directory •
  RECOVER Recover a damaged file from a defective disk
  REG Registry: Read, Set, Export, Delete keys and values
  REGEDIT Import or export registry settings
  REGSVR32 Register or unregister a DLL
  REGINI Change Registry Permissions
  REM Record comments (remarks) in a batch file •
  REN Rename a file or files •
  REPLACE Replace or update one file with another
  Reset Session Delete a Remote Desktop Session
  RMDIR Delete a Directory •
  RMTSHARE Share a folder or a printer
  ROBOCOPY Robust File and Folder Copy
  ROUTE Manipulate network routing tables
  RUN Start | RUN commands
  RUNAS Execute a program under a different user account
  RUNDLL32 Run a DLL command (add/remove print connections)
S    
  SC Service Control
  SCHTASKS Schedule a command to run at a specific time
  ScriptRunner Run one or more scripts
  SET Display, set, or remove session environment variables •
  SETLOCAL Control the visibility of environment variables •
  SetSPN Edit Service Principal Names
  SETX Set environment variables
  SFC System File Checker
  SHARE List or edit a file share or print share
  ShellRunAs Run a command under a different user account
  SHIFT Shift the position of batch file parameters •
  SHORTCUT Create a windows shortcut (.LNK file)
  SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer
  SIGCHECK Display file version no. VirusTotal status & timestamp
  SLEEP Wait for x seconds
  SLMGR Software Licensing Management
  SORT Sort input
  SSH OpenSSH remote login client
  START Start a program, command or batch file •
  STRINGS Search for ANSI and UNICODE strings in binary files
  SUBINACL Edit file and folder Permissions, Ownership and Domain
  SUBST Associate a path with a drive letter
  SYSMON Monitor and log system activity to the Windows event log
  SYSTEMINFO List system configuration
T    
  TAKEOWN Take ownership of a file
  TAR Store, list or extract files in an archive
  TASKLIST List running applications and services
  TASKKILL End a running process
  TELNET Communicate with another host using the TELNET protocol
  TIME Display or set the system time •
  TIMEOUT Delay processing of a batch file/command
  TITLE Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session •
  TLIST Task list with full path
  TOUCH Change file timestamps
  TRACERT Trace route to a remote host
  TREE Graphical display of folder structure
  TSDISCON Disconnect a Remote Desktop Session
  TSKILL End a running process
  TYPE Display the contents of a text file •
  TypePerf Write Performance Monitor data to a log file
  TZUTIL Time Zone Utility
V    
  VER Display version information •
  VERIFY Verify that files have been saved •
  VMConnect Connect to a Hyper-V Virtual Machine
  VOL Display a disk label •
  VSSADMIN Display volume shadow copy backups + writers/providers
W    
  W32TM Time Service
  WAITFOR Wait for or send a signal
  WBADMIN Windows Backup Admin
  WECUTIL Windows Event Collector Utility
  WEVTUTIL Clear event logs, enable/disable/query logs
  WHERE Locate and display files in a directory tree
  WHOAMI Output the current UserName and domain
  WHOIS Lookup the registration record for a domain
  WINDIFF Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
  WINGET Windows Package Manager (coming May 2021)
  WINRM Windows Remote Management
  WINRS Windows Remote Shell
  WMIC WMI Commands
  WPEUTIL Run WinPE commands
  WPR Windows Performance Recorder
  WT Windows Terminal
  WUSA Windows Update Standalone Installer
  WUAUCLT Windows Update
X    
  XCACLS Change file and folder permissions
  XCOPY Copy files and folders
  :: Comment / Remark •

Commands marked • are Internal commands only available within the CMD shell.
All other commands (not marked with •) are external commands.
External commands may be used under the CMD shell, PowerShell, or directly from START-RUN.

See also:

A categorized list of Windows CMD commands.
Microsoft Help pages: Windows Commands 8.1-10 / Windows Server 2012-2019
Discussion forum
Links to other sites, books etc...


 
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