Conditionally perform a command on several files.

      FOR %%parameter IN (set) DO command

   set         : A set of one or more files, separated by any standard delimiter.
                 enclosed in parentheses (file1,file2). Wildcards can be used.

   command     : The command to carry out, including any parameters.
                 This can be a single command, or if you enclose it
                 in (brackets), several commands, one per line.

   %%parameter : A replaceable parameter:
                 e.g. in a batch file use %%G 
                      (on the command line %G)

The FOR command is mostly used to process files, but you can also process a text string:
FOR %%G IN ("Hello World") DO Echo %%G
This is not really useful being much the same as Echo Hello World

Although wildcards can be used, an alternative method of processing files is to let FOR /F process the output of the command 'DIR /b' This can be useful when you want to use DIR options like sorting.


FOR does not, by itself, set or clear an Errorlevel, leaving that to the command being called.
One exception is using a wildcard, if the wildcard does not match any files, then FOR will return %ERRORLEVEL% = 5

FOR is an internal command.


Copy a single file
FOR %%G IN (MyFile.txt) DO copy %%G d:\backups\

Copy a list of several files
FOR %%G IN (Myfile.txt SecondFile.txt) DO copy %%G d:\backups\

FOR %%G IN ("C:\demo files\file1.txt" "C:\demo files\File2.txt") DO copy %%G d:\backups\

"Darkness reigns at the foot of the lighthouse" ~ Japanese Proverb

Related commands:

FOR - Loop commands.
FOR /R - Loop through files (recurse subfolders).
- Loop through several folders.
FOR /L - Loop through a range of numbers.
FOR /F - Loop through items in a text file.
FOR /F - Loop through the output of a command.
FORFILES - Batch process multiple files.
GOTO - Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line.
IF - Conditionally perform a command.
Equivalent bash command (Linux): for - Expand words, and execute commands

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