Backup to tape: drives, folders and systemstate.
In Vista and above wbadmin and PowerShell have replaced NTBACKUP.

To recover backups on Windows Server 2008/Vista that were created using ntbackup a 'restore-only' version of NTBACKUP is available as a download.


    NTBACKUP backup [systemstate] "@bks file name"
                /J {"job name"} [options] [/SNAP:{on|off}] [/um]


  Back up the System State data. 
  This will also force the backup type to normal or copy.

@bks file name
  The name of the backup selection file (.bks file).
  In WinXP the at (@) character must precede this name.
  A backup selection file contains information on the files and folders 
  to be backed up. 
  You have to create the file using the GUI version of NT Backup.

/J {"job name"}
  The job name to be used in the log file 
  Describe the files and folders and the backup date-time.

/P {"pool name"}
  The media pool from which you want to use media. 
  Usually a subpool of the Backup media pool, such as 4mm DDS.
  If you select this you cannot use /A, /G, /F, or /T

/G {"guid name"}
  Overwrite or append to this tape. 
  Don’t use with a media Pool (/P).

/T {"tape name"}
  Overwrite or append to this tape.
  don’t use with a media Pool (/P).

  Perform an append operation. 
  Either "guid name" (/G) or "tape name" (/T) must be specified with this switch. 
  don’t use with a media Pool (/P).

/N {"media name"}
  The new tape name. don’t use with Append (/A).

/F {"file name"}
  Backup to a file - logical disk path and file name.
  Do not use with the switches: /P /G /T.

/D {"set description"}
  Label for each backup set

/DS {"server name"}
  Back up the directory service file for MS Exchange 5.5 server. 
  This is not needed/does not work with Exchange 2000 since Exchange 2000
  uses Active Directory.

/IS {"server name"}
  Back up the Information Store file for an MS Exchange 5.5 Server.

  Verify the data after the backup is complete.

  Restrict access to this tape to the Owner/AdministratorS

  The type of log file: f=full, s=summary, n=none

/M {backup type}
  The backup type. One of: normal, copy, differential, incremental, or daily

  Backs up the migrated data files located in Remote Storage. 
  The /RS command-line option is not required to back up the local Removable 
  Storage database (that contains the Remote Storage placeholder files). 
  When you backup the %systemroot% folder, Backup automatically backs up the 
  Removable Storage database as well.

  Use hardware compression, if available, on the tape drive.

  Copy open/locked files, requires XP or 2003,
  creates a temporary snapshot for the volume shadow copy.

/um  (Windows 2000 only)
  Find the first available media, format it, and use for the current backup.
  Use with the /p switch to scan for available media pools. 
  This command is only for standalone tape devices (not tape loaders.)
  The /UM switch must be at the end of the command line.

NTBackup has a reputation for being clumsy and unreliable, Microsoft Data Protection Manager is a more robust solution for Windows backup and recovery. Third party and cross platform tools are also available: List of backup software

NTBackup is not available in Windows Vista/Windows 7 but utilities to restore old backup files are available (links below)

Mick Jagger sang backup vocals for "You're so Vain" by Carly Simon


Microsoft utility to restore NT Backups for Windows Vista/Server 2008
Microsoft utility to restore NT Backups for Windows 7/Server 2008 R2
Wbadmin - back up and restore the OS, volumes, files, folders, and applications.
Windows Server PowerShell Backup Cmdlets
BackupAssist - 3rd party backup software for small and medium businesses
Q814583 /Q821730 - NT Backup in Windows Server 2003
Q237310 - Manually Edit Ntbackup.exe Selection Script Files
Equivalent bash command (Linux): fwbackups or rsync - Synchronize file trees.

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