How-to: General Windows 11 Keyboard shortcuts

⊞ = Windows Key

Open or Close the Start Menu.
Launch a Start Menu app 'As Admin' ⇧ + Ctrl + click app
Select all items in a document or window. Ctrl + A
Open the Action Center. ⊞ + A
Copy the selected item. Ctrl + C (or Ctrl + Insert)
Activate Cortana listening mode. ⊞ + C
Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin. Ctrl + D (or Delete)
Delete the selected item immediately, without moving it to the Recycle Bin. Shift + Delete
Show Desktop / Minimize all. Press a second time to restore. ⊞ + D
Open Search (in most apps). Ctrl + E
Open Windows File Explorer. ⊞ + E
Open the Feedback Hub. ⊞ + F
Open Find computers. ⊞ + Ctrl + F
Open Game bar ➞ capture = record video of the screen. ⊞ + G
Open Dictation tool, (speech to text). ⊞ + H
Open Settings. ⊞ + I
Open Connect. ⊞ + K
Switch the keyboard layout when multiple keyboard layouts are available. Ctrl + Shift
Lock the PC. ⊞ + L
Minimize all windows. ⊞ + M
Restore windows that were minimized with ⊞ +M. ⊞ + ⇧ + M
Presentation display mode. ⊞ + P
Open the "Run Program Or File" Window. ⊞ + R
Search. ⊞ + S
Open the Ease of Access center. Reverse with ⊞+⇧ Shift+V (Win 1810+) ⊞ + U
Ctrl + V (or Shift + Insert) Paste the selected item.
Cycle through notifications/Clipboard History.
First enable it in Settings ➞ System ➞ Clipboard ➞ toggle "Clipboard History"
⊞ + V
Quick link menu (like right clicking on START). ⊞ + X
Shutdown Windows (press Windows key + X, followed by U, then U again) ⊞ + X , U, U
Restart Windows ⊞ + X , U, R
Hibernate Windows ⊞ + X , U, H
Sleep Windows ⊞ + X , U, S
Shutdown/Restart Windows (GUI prompt).
If possible, close all other apps first.

Alt + F4
Ctrl-Alt-Del then click Power icon (or Ctrl + click Power for an Emergency Restart)

Redo an action. Ctrl + Y
Undo an action. Ctrl + Z
Open the app that is pinned to taskbar position # where 1 is the left-most icon. ⊞ + #
⊞ +1, ⊞ + 2...
Open the Emoji panel. ⊞ + . (or ⊞ + ; )
Switch between open apps. Alt + Tab
to reverse use:
Ctrl + Alt + Tab
Cycle through items in the order in which they were opened. Alt + Esc
Open Start Menu. Ctrl + Esc
Open the Task view. ⊞ + Tab ↹
Open Task Manager. ⇧ + Ctrl + Esc
Minimize all but the active desktop window. ⊞ + Home
Snap the active window to the right or left of the screen. ⊞ + →
⊞ + ←
Maximize or Minimize the active window. ⊞ + ↑
⊞ + ↓
Stretch the desktop window to the top and bottom of the screen. ⊞ + ⇧ + ↑
⊞ + ⇧ + ↓
Auto-correct a display issue/lockup. ⊞ + Ctrl ⇧ B
Opens properties of My Computer ⊞ + Pause
or ⊞+Break
Open Windows Help. ⊞ + F1
Rename the selected item. F2
Refresh the active window. F5 (or Ctrl + R)
Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop. F6
Show your password on the sign-in screen. Alt + F8
Activate the Menu bar in the active app. F10
Display the shortcut menu for the selected item. Shift + F10
Perform the command for that letter. Alt + underlined letter
Display properties for the selected item. Alt + Enter
Open the shortcut menu for the active window. Alt + Spacebar
Go forward/back. Alt + →
Alt + ←
Move the cursor to the beginning/end of the next word.
or Resize the Start menu when it’s open.
Ctrl + →
Ctrl + ←
Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or selecting text. Shift + any arrow key
Select multiple individual items in a window or on the desktop.
Use the arrow to move and Spacebar to select.
Ctrl + → + Spacebar
Move up/down one screen. Alt + Pg Up
Alt + Pg Down
Move the cursor to the beginning/end of the previous paragraph. Ctrl + ↑
Ctrl + ↓
Zoom in. + Magnifier
Zoom out. - Magnifier
Open a quick look at the desktop. ⊞ + ,
Screenshot region of screen (snipping tool). ⊞ + ⇧ + S
Stop or leave the current task. Esc
Save a full screen screenshot to the clipboard.
You can change this shortcut so it also opens screen snipping, to edit the screenshot.
Select Start ➞ Settings ➞ Accessibility ➞ Keyboard
and set Use the Print Screen button to open screen snipping to On.
Save a screenshot of the active window to the clipboard. Alt + PrtScn
Close the active document (in apps with a multiple document interface). Ctrl + F4
Close the active item, or exit the active app. Alt + F4

Virtual Desktops

Create a new virtual desktop. . ⊞ + Ctrl D
Switch between virtual desktops. ⊞ + Ctrl + ←
⊞ + Ctrl + →
Switch Monitors. ⊞ + Shift + ←
⊞ + Shift + →
Close the active virtual desktop. ⊞ + Ctrl + F4
Task View/Timeline, press ⊞ + Tab then Right-click an app to show across all desktops.
With multiple monitors, ⊞ + Tab shows which apps are open on each monitor
⊞ + Tab

Group Policy GPO

Mark all settings on the page as "green" (apply all). F5
Mark current settings on the page as "green" (apply this setting). F6
Mark current settings as "red" (don’t apply this setting). F7
Mark all settings on the page as "red" (don’t apply). F8
Display a list of available variables. F3

Enable/disable NumLock:

Fn + F11 (Acer, Toshiba, Samsung)
Ctrl + F11
Fn + F11 + Scroll lock
Fn + Num Lock (Sony, Gateway)
⇧ + Num Lock
Fn + Num Lock (Lenovo, ASUS)
Fn + ⇧ + Num Lock
Fn + F8 (HP)
Fn + F4 (Dell)
To default the NUMLOCK key to be ON or OFF at login - see examples on the REGEDIT page.

⇧ is the Shift key
⌫ is the Backspace key
is the Windows Key

Add Custom shortcut keys

If you have a shortcut anywhere on the Start Menu or Desktop you can create a keyboard shortcut for it.

For example if you have a shortcut to the traditional Control Panel in the Start Menu, right click it and choose More ➞ Open file location. Right click on the shortcut file and select Properties. Under Shortcut ➞ Shortcut Key you can assign a hotkey,
pressing Ctrl+C will assign the shortcut Ctrl+Alt+C. Shortcuts can also start with Ctrl + Shift

When launching a program via its shortcut key, Window will first poll all currently running programs and ask "Is this your shortcut key?" If so it switches focus to that window rather than opening a new copy of the program. A delay of several seconds can occur when a window somewhere refuses to respond. This can be a program that’s generally non-responsive or running/sleeping as a background process.

How to disable one or more ⊞ (Windows Key) Keyboard Shortcuts:

In the Windows registry add a new String Value called “DisabledHotkeys" under HKCU\Software\Microsoft\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced

Set the value data for this key to the hotkey characters you want to disable.
For example: to disable the hotkeys Win + X and Win + R, set the value to RX
(n.b. This will also affect other modifier key combinations like Win + Shift + X)

Restart Explorer or Logoff/reboot and the new settings will apply to this user account.

The hotkeys specified will be disabled and unassigned and thus available to any third party app which allows you to assign global hotkeys.

“If NumLock is on, pressing a key on the numeric keypad while holding SHIFT overrides NumLock and instead generates an arrow key” ~ OldNewThing

Related commands

CMD/PowerShell and Windows Terminal - Keyboard shortcuts.
MMCs - Shortcuts to popular Microsoft Management Consoles.
EXPLORER - Open Windows Explorer.
Windows Start ➞ Run commands
CompSci superbasics - Using the keyboard and command line.
Keyboard shortcuts in Windows -
Doskey /history - Show history of previous commands.
Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator - Remap keys. (see also remapkey.exe in the Windows 2003 resource Kit)

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