How-to: General Windows 11 Keyboard shortcuts plus CMD/PowerShell shortcuts and Windows Terminal shortcuts.

General Windows shortcuts (⊞ = Windows Key).

Open or Close the Start Menu.
Launch a Start Menu app 'As Admin' ⇧ + Ctrl + click app
Select all items in a document or window. Ctrl + A
Open the Action Center. ⊞ + A
Copy the selected item. Ctrl + C (or Ctrl + Insert)
Activate Cortana listening mode. ⊞ + C
Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin. Ctrl + D (or Delete)
Delete the selected item immediately, without moving it to the Recycle Bin. Shift + Delete
Show Desktop / Minimize all. Press a second time to restore. ⊞ + D
Open Search (in most apps). Ctrl + E
Open Windows File Explorer. ⊞ + E
Open the Feedback Hub. ⊞ + F
Open Find computers. ⊞ + Ctrl + F
Open Game bar ➞ capture = record video of the screen. ⊞ + G
Open Dictation tool, (speech to text). ⊞ + H
Open Settings. ⊞ + I
Open Connect. ⊞ + K
Switch the keyboard layout when multiple keyboard layouts are available. Ctrl + Shift
Lock the PC. ⊞ + L
Minimize all windows. ⊞ + M
Restore windows that were minimized with ⊞ +M. ⊞ + ⇧ + M
Presentation display mode. ⊞ + P
Open the "Run Program Or File" Window. ⊞ + R
Search. ⊞ + S
Open the Ease of Access center. Reverse with ⊞+⇧ Shift+V (Win 1810+) ⊞ + U
Ctrl + V (or Shift + Insert) Paste the selected item.
Cycle through notifications/Clipboard History.
First enable it in Settings ➞ System ➞ Clipboard ➞ toggle "Clipboard History"
⊞ + V
Quick link menu (like right clicking on START). ⊞ + X
Shutdown Windows (press Windows key + X, followed by U, then U again) ⊞ + X , U, U
Restart Windows ⊞ + X , U, R
Hibernate Windows ⊞ + X , U, H
Sleep Windows ⊞ + X , U, S
Shutdown/Restart Windows (GUI prompt).
If possible, close all other apps first.

Alt + F4
Ctrl-Alt-Del then click Power icon (or Ctrl + click Power for an Emergency Restart)

Redo an action. Ctrl + Y
Undo an action. Ctrl + Z
Open the app that is pinned to taskbar position # where 1 is the left-most icon. ⊞ + #
⊞ +1, ⊞ + 2...
Open the Emoji panel. ⊞ + . (or ⊞ + ; )
Switch between open apps. Alt + Tab
to reverse use:
Ctrl + Alt + Tab
Cycle through items in the order in which they were opened. Alt + Esc
Open Start Menu. Ctrl + Esc
Open the Task view. ⊞ + Tab ↹
Open Task Manager. ⇧ + Ctrl + Esc
Minimize all but the active desktop window. ⊞ + Home
Snap the active window to the right or left of the screen. ⊞ + →
⊞ + ←
Maximize or Minimize the active window. ⊞ + ↑
⊞ + ↓
Stretch the desktop window to the top and bottom of the screen. ⊞ + ⇧ + ↑
⊞ + ⇧ + ↓
Auto-correct a display issue/lockup. ⊞ + Ctrl ⇧ B
Opens properties of My Computer ⊞ + Pause
or ⊞+Break
Open Windows Help. ⊞ + F1
Rename the selected item. F2
Refresh the active window. F5 (or Ctrl + R)
Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop. F6
Show your password on the sign-in screen. Alt + F8
Activate the Menu bar in the active app. F10
Display the shortcut menu for the selected item. Shift + F10
Perform the command for that letter. Alt + underlined letter
Display properties for the selected item. Alt + Enter
Open the shortcut menu for the active window. Alt + Spacebar
Go forward/back. Alt + →
Alt + ←
Move the cursor to the beginning/end of the next word.
or Resize the Start menu when it's open.
Ctrl + →
Ctrl + ←
Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or selecting text. Shift + any arrow key
Select multiple individual items in a window or on the desktop.
Use the arrow to move and Spacebar to select.
Ctrl + → + Spacebar
Move up/down one screen. Alt + Pg Up
Alt + Pg Down
Move the cursor to the beginning/end of the previous paragraph. Ctrl + ↑
Ctrl + ↓
Zoom in. + Magnifier
Zoom out. - Magnifier
Open a quick look at the desktop. ⊞ + ,
Screenshot region of screen (snipping tool). ⊞ + ⇧ + S
Stop or leave the current task. Esc
Save a full screen screenshot to the clipboard.
You can change this shortcut so it also opens screen snipping, to edit the screenshot.
Select Start ➞ Settings ➞ Accessibility ➞ Keyboard
and set Use the Print Screen button to open screen snipping to On.
Save a screenshot of the active window to the clipboard. Alt + PrtScn
Close the active document (in apps with a multiple document interface). Ctrl + F4
Close the active item, or exit the active app. Alt + F4

Keyboard shortcuts for the Windows CMD shell and PowerShell.

Switch to/from full screen mode. Alt + ENTER
Cancel the current command (if nothing is selected). Ctrl + C
Enter Mark mode. Ctrl + M
Select text in mark mode. Shift + ←/→
Copy the selected text. Ctrl + C
or Ctrl + Insert
Paste the selected text. Ctrl + V
or Shift + Insert
Move the cursor in the direction specified. Arrow keys ↑→↓←
Move the cursor by one page up. Page up
Move the cursor by one page down. Page down
Move the cursor to the beginning of the buffer. Ctrl + Home (Mark mode)
Move the cursor to the end of the buffer. Ctrl + End (Mark mode)
Autocomplete folder/file name. [Tab]
Scroll through history of typed commands. ↓ / ↑
Toggle full screen. Alt + Enter or F11
Clear command line. ESC
Toggle Insert/Overwrite. INSERT
Erase line to the left. Ctrl + Home
Erase line to the right. Ctrl + End
Move one word to the left (backward). Ctrl + ←
Move one word to the right (forward). Ctrl + →
Erase character to the left.
Move to beginning of line. [Home]
Move to end of line. [End]
Scroll window up. ⇧ + PgUp
Scroll window Down. ⇧ + PgDn

New Windows Terminal Keyboard shortcuts

Application-level shortcuts:  
Find. Ctrl + ⇧ + F
Open the dropdown. Ctrl + ⇧ + Space
Open settings files. Ctrl ,
Open settings files. Ctrl + Alt ,
Tab management shortcuts:  
New tab. Ctrl + ⇧ + T
New tab. Ctrl + ⇧ + 1 thru 9
Duplicate tab. Ctrl + ⇧ + D
Open next tab. Ctrl + Tab
Open previous tab. Ctrl + ⇧ + Tab
Open a specific tab. Ctrl + Alt 1 thru 9
Pane management shortcuts:  
Move pane focus. Alt + ↑→↓←
Resize a pane. Alt + ⇧ + ↑→↓←
Split a pane. Alt + ⇧ + D
The control the split direction with:
Alt + ⇧ -
or Alt + ⇧ +
Close pane. Ctrl + ⇧ + W
Clipboard integration:  
Copy the selected text. Ctrl + C
or Ctrl + ⇧ + C
or Ctrl + Insert
Paste the selected text. Ctrl + V
or Ctrl + ⇧ + V
or Shift + Insert
Scroll up/Down. Ctrl + ⇧ + ↑
Ctrl + ⇧ + ↓
Scroll up one page. Ctrl + ⇧ + Pg Up
Scroll down one page. Ctrl + ⇧ + Pg Dn
Visual adjustment:  
Adjust font size. Ctrl + =
Adjust font size. Ctrl + -
Reset font size. Ctrl + 0
Toggle High Visibility screen mode. Left Alt + Left ⇧ + PrtScn

CMD shell Command History shortcuts:

Print characters of the previous command one by one. F1
Repeat part of the previous command; up to character Z F2 Z
Repeat the previous command. F3
Beginning from the current cursor position, delete up to character Z. F4 Z
Scroll through history of typed commands (↑). F5
Scroll the screen up or down one line. Ctrl ↑ / ↓
Show history of previous commands. F7
Clear command history. ALT + F7
Move backwards through the command history, but only display commands
matching the current text at the command prompt.
Run a specific command from the command history. F9
Signal end-of-file. Ctrl + Z

Virtual Desktops

Create a new virtual desktop. . ⊞ + Ctrl D
Switch between virtual desktops. ⊞ + Ctrl + ←
⊞ + Ctrl + →
Switch Monitors. ⊞ + Shift + ←
⊞ + Shift + →
Close the active virtual desktop. ⊞ + Ctrl + F4
Task View/Timeline, press ⊞ + Tab then Right-click an app to show across all desktops.
With multiple monitors, ⊞ + Tab shows which apps are open on each monitor
⊞ + Tab

Group Policy GPO

Mark all settings on the page as "green" (apply all). F5
Mark current settings on the page as "green" (apply this setting). F6
Mark current settings as "red" (don’t apply this setting). F7
Mark all settings on the page as "red" (don’t apply). F8
Display a list of available variables. F3

Enable/disable NumLock:

Fn + F11 (Acer, Toshiba, Samsung)
Ctrl + F11
Fn + F11 + Scroll lock
Fn + Num Lock (Sony, Gateway)
⇧ + Num Lock
Fn + Num Lock (Lenovo, ASUS)
Fn + ⇧ + Num Lock
Fn + F8 (HP)
Fn + F4 (Dell)

⇧ is the Shift key
⌫ is the Backspace key
is the Windows Key

Add Custom shortcut keys

If you have a shortcut anywhere on the Start Menu or Desktop you can create a keyboard shortcut for it.

For example if you have a shortcut to the traditional Control Panel in the Start Menu, right click it and choose More ➞ Open file location. Right click on the shortcut file and select Properties. Under Shortcut ➞ Shortcut Key you can assign a hotkey,
pressing Ctrl+C will assign the shortcut Ctrl+Alt+C.

How to disable one or more ⊞ (Windows Key) Keyboard Shortcuts:

In the Windows registry add a new String Value called “DisabledHotkeys" under HKCU\Software\Microsoft\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced

Set the value data for this key to the hotkey characters you want to disable.
For example: to disable the hotkeys Win + X and Win + R, set the value to RX
(n.b. This will also affect other modifier key combinations like Win + Shift + X)

Restart Explorer or Logoff/reboot and the new settings will apply to this user account.

The hotkeys specified will be disabled and unassigned and thus available to any third party app which allows you to assign global hotkeys.

"If NumLock is on, pressing a key on the numeric keypad while holding SHIFT overrides NumLock and instead generates an arrow key" ~ OldNewThing

Related commands

MMCs - Shortcuts to popular Microsoft Management Consoles.
Default the NUMLOCK key to be ON or OFF at login - see examples on the REGEDIT page.
EXPLORER - Open Windows Explorer.
Windows Start ➞ Run commands
CompSci superbasics - Using the keyboard and command line.
Keyboard shortcuts in Windows -
Doskey /history - Show history of previous commands.
Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator - Remap keys. (see also remapkey.exe in the Windows 2003 resource Kit)
Equivalent bash Keyboard shortcuts

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