Which.cmd

Show the full path to an executable file.

:WHICH  CommandName  [ReturnVar]
::
::  Determines the full path of the file that would execute if
::  CommandName were executed.
::
::  The result is stored in variable ReturnVar, or else it is
::  echoed to stdout if ReturnVar is not specified.
::
::  If no file is found, then an error message is echoed to stderr.
::
::  The ERRORLEVEL is set to one of the following values
::    0 - Success: A matching file was found
::    1 - CommandName is an internal command
::    2 - No file was found and CommandName is not an internal command
::    3 - Improper syntax - no CommandName specified
::
@echo off
setlocal disableDelayedExpansion

set "file=%~1"
setlocal enableDelayedExpansion

if not defined file (
  >&2 echo Syntax error: No CommandName specified
  exit /b 3
)


:: test for internal command
echo(!file!|findstr /i "[^abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz]" >nul || (
  set "empty=!temp!\emptyFolder"
  md "!empty!" 2>nul
  del /q "!empty!\*" 2>nul >nul
  setlocal
  pushd "!empty!"
  set path=
  (call )
  !file! /? >nul 2>nul
  if not errorlevel 9009 (
    >&2 echo "!file!" is an internal command
    popd
    exit /b 1
  )
  popd
  endlocal
)


:: test for external command
set "noExt="
if "%~x1" neq "" if "!PATHEXT:%~x1=!" neq "!PATHEXT!" set noExt="";
set "modpath=.\;!PATH!"
@for %%E in (%noExt%%PATHEXT%) do @for %%F in ("!file!%%~E") do (
  setlocal disableDelayedExpansion
  if not "%%~$modpath:F"=="" if not exist "%%~$modpath:F\" (
    endlocal & endlocal & endlocal
    if "%~2"=="" (echo %%~$modpath:F) else set "%~2=%%~$modpath:F"
    exit /b 0
  )
  endlocal
)
endlocal


>&2 echo "%~1" is not a valid command
exit /b 2

:: Credits:
:: Dave Benham :: forum thread :: StackOverflow answer

Related

WHERE - Locate and display files in a directory tree.
whereis utility - Flounder.com


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