Display the contents of one or more text files.

      TYPE [drive:]pathname(s)

If more than one file is specified the filenames are included in the output.
If a wildcard is used the filenames are displayed even if only one file matches. The file names are printed to the error stream and so can be hidden by redirecting to NUL  TYPE * 2>nul

In Windows 1909 or newer, if the text file incluses ANSI color escapes, they will be decoded and displayed in color.


If the file(s) were successfully displayed %ERRORLEVEL% = 0
If the file was not found or bad parameters given %ERRORLEVEL% = 1

TYPE is an internal command.


Redirect output into a new file:

TYPE file.txt > Newfile.txt

Append output to an existing file:

TYPE file.txt >> ExistingFile.txt

To do the same with user console input:

TYPE CON > Newfile.txt

This will require typing a CTRL-Z to indicate the end of file.

When using redirection to SORT a file the TYPE command is used implicitly
For example:

SORT < MyFile.txt

Create an empty (zero byte) file:
TYPE nul >filename.log

Check filesize during a download (to monitor progress of a large download) Since TYPE won’t lock the file, this does not pose a threat to the download completing successfully:

TYPE file_being_downloaded >NUL 
DIR file_being_downloaded

Convert an ASCII (Windows1252) file into a Unicode (UCS-2 le) text file:

For /f "tokens=2 delims=:" %%G in ('CHCP') do Set _codepage=%%G
CHCP 1252 >NUL
CMD.EXE /D /A /C (SET/P=ÿþ)<NUL > unicode.txt 2>NUL
CMD.EXE /D /U /C TYPE ascii_file.txt >> unicode.txt
CHCP %_codepage%

The technique above (based on a script by Carlos M.) first creates a file with a Byte Order Mark (BOM) and then appends the content of the original file. CHCP is used to ensure the session is running with the Windows1252 code page so that the characters 0xFF and 0xFE (ÿþ) are interpreted correctly.

“Writing is easy; all you do is sit staring at a blank sheet of paper until the drops of blood form on your forehead” ~ Gene Fowler

Related commands

MORE - Display output, one screen at a time.
SORT - Sort input.
STRINGS - Search for ANSI and UNICODE strings in binary files (SysInternals).
Equivalent PowerShell: Get-Content - Get content from item (cat / type / gc).
Equivalent bash command (Linux): cat - Display the contents of a file.

Copyright © 1999-2024 SS64.com
Some rights reserved