mount a file system
All files accessible in a Unix system are arranged in one big tree, the file hierarchy, rooted at /. These files can be spread out over several devices. The mount command serves to attach the file system found on some device to the big file tree.
The system maintains a list of currently mounted file systems. If no arguments are given to mount, this list is printed.
Syntax mount [-adfruvw] [-t ufs | lfs | external_type] mount [-dfruvw] special | node mount [-dfruvw] [-o options] [-t ufs | lfs | external_type] special node Options -a All the filesystems described in fstab(5) are mounted. Excep- tions are those marked as ``noauto'' or are excluded by the -t flag (see below). -d Causes everything to be done except for the actual system call. This option is useful in conjunction with the -v flag to deter- mine what the mount command is trying to do. -f Forces the revocation of write access when trying to downgrade a filesystem mount status from read-write to read-only. -o Options are specified with a -o flag followed by a comma sepa- rated string of options. The following options are available: async All I/O to the file system should be done asynchronously. This can be somewhat dangerous with respect to losing data when faced with system crashes and power outages. This is also the default. It can be avoided with the noasync option. force The same as -f; forces the revocation of write access when trying to downgrade a filesystem mount status from read-write to read-only. noasync This filesystem should not force all I/O to be written asynchronously. noauto This filesystem should be skipped when mount is run with the -a flag. nodev Do not interpret character or block special devices on the file system. This option is useful for a server that has file systems containing special devices for architec- tures other than its own. noexec Do not allow execution of any binaries on the mounted file system. This option is useful for a server that has file systems containing binaries for architectures other than its own. nosuid Do not allow set-user-identifier or set-group-identifier bits to take effect. rdonly The same as -r; mount the file system read-only (even the super-user can not write it). sync All I/O to the file system should be done synchronously. update The same as -u; indicate that the status of an already mounted file system should be changed. union Causes the namespace at the mount point to appear as the union of the mounted filesystem root and the existing directory. Lookups will be done in the mounted filesys- tem first. If those operations fail due to a non-exis- tent file the underlying directory is then accessed. All creates are done in the mounted filesystem. Any additional options specific to a filesystem type that is not one of the internally known types (see the -t option) can be passed as a comma separated list; these options are distinguished by a leading ``-'' (dash). Options that take a value are speci- fied using the syntax -option=value. For example, the mount com- mand: mount -t hfs -o nosuid,-w,-m=755 /dev/disk2s9 /tmp causes mount to execute the equivalent of: /sbin/mount_hfs -o nosuid -w -m 755 /dev/disk2s9 /tmp -r The file system is to be mounted read-only. Mount the file sys- tem read-only (even the super-user can not write it). The same as the ``rdonly'' argument to the -o option. -t ufs | lfs | external type The argument following the -t is used to indicate the file system type. The type ufs is the default. The -t option can be used to indicate that the actions should only be taken on filesystems of the specified type. More than one type can be specified in a comma separated list. The list of filesystem types can be pre- fixed with ``no'' to specify the filesystem types for which action should not be taken. For example, the mount command: mount -a -t nonfs,hfs mounts all filesystems except those of type NFS and HFS. If the type is not one of the internally known types, mount will attempt to execute a program in /sbin/mount_XXX where XXX is replaced by the type name. For example, nfs filesystems are mounted by the program /sbin/mount_nfs. -u The -u flag indicates that the status of an already mounted file system should be changed. Any of the options discussed above (the -o option) can be changed; also a file system can be changed from read-only to read-write or vice versa. An attempt to change from read-write to read-only will fail if any files on the filesystem are currently open for writing unless the -f flag is also specified. The set of options is determined by first extracting the options for the file system from the fstab table, then applying any options specified by the -o argument, and finally applying the -r or -w option. -v Verbose mode. -w The file system object is to be read and write. The options specific to NFS filesystems are described in the mount_nfs(8) manual page.
The mount command calls the mount(2) system call to prepare and graft a special device or the remote node (rhost:path) on to the file system tree at the point node. If either special or node are not
provided, the appropriate information is taken from the fstab(5) file.
“The Ten Commandments and the Sermon on the Mount contain my religion” ~ John Adams
Related macOS commands:
bless - Set volume bootability and startup disk options.
diskutil - Disk utilities - Format, Verify, Repair.
df - Display free disk space.
hdiutil - manipulate disk images.
sharing - Create share points for afp, ftp and smb services.
umount - detach/unmount a device.