Recall and edit commands at the DOS prompt, and create macros. You cannot run a Doskey macro from a batch file.
Syntax DOSKEY [options] [macroname=[text]] Key macroname : A short name for the macro. text : The commands you want to recall. options : for working with macros... /MACROFILE=filename Specify a file of macros to install /MACROS Display all Doskey macros /EXENAME=exename Specify an executable other than cmd.exe /MACROS:exename Display all Doskey macros for the given executable /MACROS:ALL Display all Doskey macros for all executables ALT+F10 Clear macro definitions options : for working with the Command Buffer... /HISTORY : Display all commands stored in memory. /LISTSIZE=size : Limit the number of commands remembered by the buffer. /REINSTALL : Install a new copy of Doskey (clears the buffer). In normal use the command line is always in overwrite mode, DOSKEY can be used to change this to Insert, the insert key will always toggle from one to the other /INSERT : By default new text you type at the command line will be inserted in old text /OVERSTRIKE : By default new text you type at the command line will overwrite old /m /m: and /h are abbreviations for /macros /macros: and /history respectively. These provide compatibility with old MS-DOS versions of DOSKEY.
In addition to the above, DOSKEY is loaded into memory for every cmd session so
you can use Keyboard shortcuts at the command line
The size of the command history can be set from Control Panel, Console or from the properties of any cmd shortcut. Clear all history with DOSKEY /REINSTALL
A macro to open notepad
A macro to open WordPad
DOSKEY wpad="C:\Program Files\Windows NT\Accessories\wordpad.exe"
A macro called `d' to run dir/w
A macro to disable the FORMAT command (n.b. Doskey is not really a reliable method for disabling commands, it is easily bypassed by running the full command path/ extension or creating a different macro.)
DOSKEY Format=Echo I've disabled the Format command.
More advanced macro definitions:
$T If you put more than one command in a DOSKEY macro, use $T. to separate them. Equivalent to & in a batch file. $1-$9 Parameters, equivalent to %1-%9 in a batch file. $* This represents ALL the parameters $1-9 A macro to open a file with WordPad: DOSKEY wpad="C:\Program Files\Windows NT\Accessories\wordpad.exe" $1 Using the above macro: >wpad MyTextfile.txt
DOSKEY macros are only saved for the current session.
doskey /macros >macros.cmd
Will list all current macro definitions into macros.cmd, edit this file and place DOSKEY at the start of each line. Then to restore all the doskey macros setup in the current session at a later date, just run ' macros.cmd'.
“No man steps in the same river twice, for it's not the same river, and he's not the same man” ~ Heraclitus
CMD Syntax - Batch file macros
VBScript - SendKeys
Equivalent bash commands (Linux): m4 - Macro processor, history - Command history