Print real and effective user id (uid) and group id (gid).
Prints identity information about the given user, or if no username is specified the current process.

      id [options]... [username]

       Print only the group id.

       Print only the supplementary groups.

       Print the user or group name instead of the ID number.
       Requires -u, -g, or -G

       Print the real, instead of effective, user or group id.  
       Requires -u, -g, or -G

       Print only the user id.

By default, id prints the real user id, real group id, effective user id if different from the real user id, effective group id if different from the real group id, and supplemental group ids. Each of these numeric values is preceded by an identifying string and followed by the corresponding user or group name in parentheses.
The options cause 'id' to print only part of the above information.

"Personal identity seems like it's just such an American archetype, from Holly Golightly re-inventing herself in 'Breakfast At Tiffany's' to Jay Gatsby in 'The Great Gatsby.' It seems like the sort of archetypal American issue. If you're given the freedom to be anything, or be anyone, what do you do with it?" ~ Chuck Palahniuk

Related linux commands

echo - Display message on screen.
env - Display, set, or remove environment variables.
groups - Print group names a user is in.
hostname - Print or set system name.
logname - Print current login name.
uname - Print system information.
users - Print login names of users currently logged in.
who - Print who is currently logged in.
whoami - Print the current user id and name ('id -un').
Equivalent Windows command: ECHO %USERNAME%.

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