Links to Apple Websites and Books

Help, Books, Applications
Apple System Status
Apple Support - Knowledge Base.
Check coverage - Find H/W details (AppleCare etc) from a serial no. - macOS Documentation.
Apple Developer Docs - macOS Documentation.
Apple Combo Updates - Several macOS point releases in one download.
Apple Support Downloads - Patches, Security updates, New and old versions of Apple software.
Apple Open Source Reference Library
Apple Font Tool Suite - command line tools for working with font files.
macOS Command Line Tools - GCC and make Developer downloads
Tips and Tricks for Mac Management (2009, White Paper PDF)
Apple Support Manuals
Business and Education Support

iPhone Activation Lock
Darwin Project - Open Source at Apple.

bash versions for macOS

MacOS comes with bash version 3.2.57 from 2007 which is the last version released under GPL2 (Apple don't want to support GPLv3)

Apple do patch serious vulnerabilities in the version of bash they ship, but if you want something more up-to-date, you can keep the default bash install and add a second bash install from GNU or from a package manager like Macports or Homebrew. You can then change the profile to start this new bash shell.

sudo port install bash

brew install bash

To display the installed/current version:
bash --version


MacRumors Buyer's Guide - product cycle summary for each Apple computer with buy recommendations.
Apple Support Communities
AppleID - AppleCare login.
AppleCare registration (also buy AppleCare at eBay)
Louis Rossmann - Right to Repair.
Dosdude1 - Patcher to allow installation of macOS on older unsupported Macs. - Supress Double Key Presses - for the faulty Macbook / Pro butterfly keyboards (2016+)


Ken Segall - Marketing blog.
The Safe Mac - Malwarebytes advice.
SixColors - Apple and other tech news and culture.
MacOSXhints - Archive of old Hints & Tips, Q&A

Status: Apple Services, Stores, and iCloud, Dev Centre

Help & Documentation
/usr/share/doc/bash/bash.pdf - OSX Bash built in Help manual.
Unix FAQ for OSX - Mac OSX Hints forum. - Repair guides for Mac
John Siracusa review of Yosemite 10.10
Google Shell Style guide - some short, sensible advice on coding style.
macOS Security and Privacy Guide - Github
OS X FAQ - Unix Tutorials.
manpagez - Man Pages from Huntsville Mac Users Group.
Man Open - A GUI to find and open man pages.
Hayne of Tintagel - macOS FAQ and useful Bash scripts.
Apple Manuals
Mac Scripter - Applescript Tutorials & forum.
Using Apple Diagnostics (KB HT5781)
Migration Assistant - transfer files from another Mac.
Colour Picker - How to use the Mac colour picker.
Dictionary - How to add Webster's 1913 dictionary to macOS.

macOS Books

missing manual OSX: The Missing Manual, Mountain Lion Edition
by David Pogue
The "must have" guide for all macOS users, Aug 2012.

learn bash Learning the bash Shell (O'Reilly 3rd edition)
by Cameron Newham
Bash shell programming, flow control structures, job control.

osx for unix geeks Mac OS X for Unix Geeks
by Brian Jepson, Ernest E. Rothman
The book to buy if you already know UNIX, Sept 2008.

OSX Unix Learning Unix for OS X Mountain Lion: Going Deep With the Terminal and Shell
By Dave Taylor
Take a friendly tour of the Unix command line and 50 of the most useful utilities, Oct 2012.

osx support essentials Apple Pro Training Series: OS X Support Essentials
by Kevin M. White
Apple-certified book on macOS Mountain Lion.

OS X Internals by Jonathan Levin
A 'Russinovich level' detailed reference to the kernel and internals of macOS. Auditing, Authentication, the MAC Framework, Code Signing, Sandboxing, SIP, AMFI and more.

AppleScript : The Definitive Guide by Matt Neuburg
An in-depth guide to AppleScript, 2nd Edition 2006.

Package Managers for macOS

A vastly larger number of packages available, owing to its maturity.
Philosophy of keep everything fully separate, by default installs to /opt/local, which usually needs to be created.
It does not rely on MacOS shipped libraries.
MacPorts also be installed to your home directory, so multiple users of the machine can have different setups.
To install GNU coreutils, the GNU tools will have a ‘g’ prefix - i.e. ls will be gls:
sudo port install coreutils
To install GNU coreutils and override (not replace) the default names: [x]
sudo port install coreutils +with_default_names
Written in TCL.

By default installs to /usr/local though you should probably use something like ~/Homebrew
Packages are generally one or two iterations behind MacPorts, due to their dependence on MacOS shipped libraries.
Doesn't require sudo, geared towards ease of use.
To install GNU coreutils [x]:
brew install coreutils
Hosted on GitHub, written in Ruby.

Deployment Tools

Deploy Studio - Manage large deployments of workstations and servers.

Jamf - Endpoint management for Apple devices.

Command Line tools

FileMon - Log and respond to filesystem events.
Rudix - A collection of pre-built Unix software delivered as packages for macOS by Rudá Moura.

Command Line Developer Tools for macOS
Xcode, Additional Tools for Xcode, Font/Graphics/Hardware tools for XCode, ODBC Administrator Tool.
To install, either run a command like gcc or make which will prompt to download if needed or explicitly run xcode-select --install and then choose Install
Alternatively, login to and download the DMG files directly, this is often faster.

OS X Recovery Disk Assistant - Repair disks or reinstall macOS.


App compatibility matrix of 7,000+ apps from

AbiWord - Word Processor.
Acorn - Affordable Graphic Design.
Affinity Designer - Graphic Design.
Affinity Photo - Photo Editing.
AirPort Utility - Manage Wi-Fi network and AirPort base stations.
AnyBar - A scriptable colour indicator for the macOS menubar.
Amadeus Pro - Audio editor.
Angry IP scanner - network scanner for network administrators.
AppCleaner- Delete application/preference pane files.
Appify - Script that creates Mac apps from shell scripts.
Apple Remote Desktop - Screen sharing plus remote install (Software Distribution).
ArtRage - Paint tool for kids. - Record Multi-track digital audio.
Audacity - Audio editor and Recorder.
AudioHijack - Capture streaming audio.

BBEdit - Text Editor.
BinaryAge - TotalFinder, Spaces & DS_Store management.
BitCom FreeSee - Browse & preview pics and graphics.
Blender - 3D graphics.
Brightness - Brightness control.
SimplyBurns - Burn CDs & DVD's.

cabextract - Free Software for extracting Microsoft cabinet files
CarbonCopyCloner - Clone/backup hard drive.
Caffeine - Prevent your Mac from automatically going to sleep.
pCalc - Calculator - A fully featured scientific calculator for MacOS and iOS.

DiskWarrior - Disk Repair.
Doug's Scripts - This Tag That Tag - Swap/Copy iTunes metadata.
MyDVDedit - modify the content of a DVD.
DupeZap - Search and remove duplicate files.

FastScripts - run scripts with a keyboard shortcut.
FFmpeg - Audio/video encoder.
Find Any File - Find files that Spotlight doesn't, includes bundles/packages/folders that are excluded from Spotlight search.
Fink - Open Source Games, Audio, Crypto and more.
Font Finagler - Font Cache Cleaner
FlySketch - Screen shots with selections/highlights etc

FTP - Cyberduck
FTP - Transmit (Panic)

Gemini - Duplicate file finder
Gimp - GNU Image Manipulation Program.
GPG Tools - Encryption for Apple Mail messages and files.
Graphic Converter - File format conversion and basic editing.
Grand Perspective - Graphical disk usage utility

Handbrake - DVD Ripper
HTML Tidy - Check and fix HTML and XML files.

iA Writer - Distraction free word processor.
iExplorer - Copy music to an iPhone or iPad in disk mode, (like Android).
ImageMagick - Edit/Convert bitmap images(PNG, JPEG, GIF) on the command line (scripts)
imageOptim - Remove image metadata & compress images without losing quality. (Free/Open Source)
Imazing - transfer and save your music, messages, files and data.
Inkscape - Vector Graphics (Illustrator)
iPhone Enterprise support - Apple.
iOS configurator - Mass configure and deploy iPhones and iPads.
iStat Menus - System Monitor.
iStumbler - Test WiFi & Bluetooth connections.
iTerm2 - Terminal with Search and Replay.
iTunes LAME encoder
iTunes - CopyTrans Manager - Windows application that allows quick drag & drop from PC to iDevices.

Jamf - Mobile Device Management software for Apple devices.
Java for OS X 2015-001 - Deprecated version of Java 6, typically required only for Adobe Apps.

Karabiner - Keyboard customizer for macOS.

KeyCodes - Display code for each keyboard key.
Keynote - Presentation software.
LiteIcon - Change OS X finder icons.
Little snitch - Monitor applications 'dialling home'

m-cli - Command line administration of macOS.
MTR (Mac the Ripper) - DVD Ripper.
Max - Rip CD's in Maximum quality & convert audio file formats.
Media Key Enabler (F8) for iTunes and Spotify in High Sierra .
Menu Meters - CPU, memory, disk & Network activity [El Capitan version].
Micro - Terminal-based text editor that aims to be easy to use and intuitive.

NoMoreiTunes - Safari extension that preventing iTunes Preview and App Store pages from launching iTunes.

Open Office/Libre Office - MS Office compatible productivity suite (Free).
OmniGroup - Drawing/Diagrams, Dictionary, Outliner (note taking), Project Management.
OnyX - Maintain and optimize macOS.
OS X Snow Leopard (10.6) for older computers.
OS X El Capitan (10.11.x)
macOS High Sierra (10.13.x) requirements

Pacifist - Open pkg /dmg files e.g. macOS install disks and extract files. - Run win 32 programs in parallel with macOS apps (Amazon link )
Pashua - Aqua dialog windows for your scripts.
PDFtk - Command-line tool for processing PDFs.
PermissionsReset - Fix macOS folder permissions.
Photoshop Elements - Basic photo editing and organisation.
PhotoRec - Data recovery software - hard disk, CD-ROM & Memory Cards.
PictureCode - Noise Reduction.
Pixelmator - Image editor (alternative to PhotoShop )
PGP for Mac - GPG Suite - secure communication and file encryption.

Quicksilver - App/document launcher.
Quick Look plugins - Various - via
Quit All Open Applications - Automator.

Reeder - RSS reader (compatible with feedly)
Reggy - Regular Expression tester/viewer.
Rename files - NameChanger / NameMangler / ABetterFinderRename
Remote iOS app - Control iTunes on a mac from a remote iPhone/iPad.
Remote Desktop for Mac - Microsoft RDP connect to Windows machines. Also Royal TS
RipIt - DVD Ripping,even movies that trip up HandBrake or MacTheRipper.
RCDefaultApp - Set file associations.

Sequel Pro - Web development (MySQL).
ScreenGrabber - Convert movie to stills.
SwitchResX - Change Screen resolutions.
Scrivener - Writers studio (Outliner)
Shotcutapp - free, open source, cross-platform video editor.
ShinyWhiteBox - Video capture (record Window/Desktop)
Simon - Server monitoring.
SMARTReporter - HD monitor.
Smultron - Text editor with code highlighting.
Solarized theme for macOS Terminal.
SoundStream - Screensaver.
SoX - Sound processing command line utility.
TotalSpaces - Spaces manager.
Squared5 - MPEG Streamclip video converter.
Startly - QuickKeys Macros.
StartupSound - Adjust volume of the boot chime.
SuperDuper - Disk cloner, create a bootable recovery disk.
Swinsian - A better iTunes.

TeamViewer - Screen sharing/Remote control (Mac/PC/Linux).
Telestream - Screen recording/editing, pro media player/editor.
TenderApp - Helpdesk.
TimeMachineEditor - change the default one-hour backup interval of Time Machine.
TinkerTool - User interface tinkering.
Transmit - The best FTP client.
TripMode - Bandwidth monitor for MacOS (for tethered laptops)
TweaksApp - Customise macOS (donation ware).

Ukelele - Keyboard Layout Editor.
The UnArchiver - A more capable replacement for "Archive" (BOMArchiveHelper) Free.
Unison Newsgroup reader - Now free.
Unpkg - Tailor installation packages to allow manual install.

Vanilla - Hide menu bar icons.
Vienna - RSS reader.
Vim for Mac - Classic text editor.
VLC Audio/Video Player - MP3, wma, DVD, Flac etc.
Ulysses - Writing app.
Video Codecs - Handy list from the University of Berlin.
VMWare Fusion - Run Wintel & Mac apps side-by-side.
VueScan - Scanner Software.

Windows Flip4Mac - QuickTime plugin for Windows Media files (.wmv).
Witch - Application/Window switcher.
World Clock - Screensaver.
WriteRoom - Shareware text editor.
Xee - Image viewer (Preview replacement).
XLD - X Lossless Decoder - Rip audio CDs with no errors, can also convert audio file formats.
Xcode Developer Tools package - Apple programming tools and utilities for Mac, iPhone, and iPad.
youtube-dl - Video download script.

Many of the commercial apps above are also available in the Apple App Store. Apple requires all App Store users to accept legal restrictions in the iTunes EULA and DRM (copy protection) when buying software direct you will be subject to different terms of use.

Find more apps at or TinyApps

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