Windows Management Instrumentation Command.
Retrieve a huge range of information about local or remote computers. Make configuration changes to multiple remote machines.

The WMIC is a deprecated tool as of 2021. While it is unlikely to stop working for quite a few years, no new features will be added and it may eventually be removed.

The ALIAS defines the component of your system that you want WMIC to interact with.
The WHERE clause can be added to filter down to a specific item, e.g. a specific printer instead of all printers.

    WMIC [global_switch(s)] Alias [options] [format]

    WMIC [global_switch(s)] Command

    WMIC [global_switch:value] [global_switch:value] Command


    Interactive mode:

 /NODE         Servers to operate against:
                  machine_id <,machine id list>
 /APPEND       Mode for output redirection:  STDOUT, CLIPBOARD, <filename>
 /AUTHLEVEL    Client authentication level:  Default,None,Connect,Call,Pkt,Pktintegrity,Pktprivacy
 /AGGREGATE    Aggregate mode: (column titles)    ON, OFF
 /AUTHORITY    The <authority type> for the connection.
 /FAILFAST     FailFast mode:(timeout for connection to remote machine)   ON, OFF
 /IMPLEVEL     Client impersonation level:    Anonymous,Identify,Impersonate,Delegate
 /INTERACTIVE  Interactive mode:(prompt before WMI schema changes)    ON, OFF
 /LOCALE       Language id.    (ms_409=US)
 /NAMESPACE    Path for the namespace the alias operates against.
 /OUTPUT       Mode for output redirection:    STDOUT, CLIPBOARD, <filename>
 /PASSWORD     Password for session login.   <password>
 /PRIVILEGES   Enable or disable all privileges:  ENABLE, DISABLE
 /RECORD       Log all input commands and output: <FilePath>
 /ROLE         Path for the role containing the alias definitions.
 /TRACE        Output debugging information to stderr.  ON, OFF
 /USER         User for this session:      <domain>\<userid>

 CONTEXT       Display the current state of all global switches.
 CLASS         Escape to full WMI schema.
 PATH          Escape to full WMI object paths.


 ALIAS               - Access local system aliases [CALL]
 BASEBOARD           - Base board management (motherboard or system board) 
 BIOS                - BIOS management (Basic input/output services) 
 BOOTCONFIG          - Boot configuration
 CDROM               - CD-ROM
 COMPUTERSYSTEM      - Computer system [CALL/SET]
 CPU                 - CPU
 CSPRODUCT           - Computer system product information from SMBIOS. 
 DATAFILE            - DataFiles [CALL]
 DCOMAPP             - DCOM Applications.
 DESKTOP             - User's Desktop
 DESKTOPMONITOR      - Desktop Monitor
 DEVICEMEMORYADDRESS - Device memory addresses
 DISKDRIVE           - Physical disk drive
 DISKQUOTA           - Disk space usage for NTFS volumes.[SET]
 DMACHANNEL          - Direct memory access (DMA) channel
 ENVIRONMENT         - System environment settings [SET]
 FSDIR               - Filesystem directory entry [CALL]
 GROUP               - Group account [CALL]
 IDECONTROLLER       - IDE Controller
 IRQ                 - Interrupt request line
 JOB                 - Jobs scheduled using the schedule service.[CALL]
 LOADORDER           - System services that define execution dependencies. 
 LOGICALDISK         - Local storage devices [CALL/SET]
 LOGON               - LOGON Sessions.
 MEMCACHE            - Cache memory
 MEMORYCHIP          - Memory chip information.
 MEMLOGICAL          - System memory, layout and availability
 MEMPHYSICAL         - Physical memory management
 NETCLIENT           - Network Client management.
 NETLOGIN            - Network login information for a particular user. 
 NETPROTOCOL         - Protocols (and their network characteristics).
 NETUSE              - Active network connection.
 NIC                 - Network Interface Controller (NIC)
 NICCONFIG           - Network adapter. [CALL] 
 NTDOMAIN            - NT Domain. [SET]  
 NTEVENT             - NT Event Log.  
 NTEVENTLOG          - NT eventlog file [CALL/SET]
 ONBOARDDEVICE       - Common adapter devices built into the motherboard.
 OS                  - Operating System/s [CALL/SET]
 PAGEFILE            - Virtual memory file swapping
 PAGEFILESET         - Page file settings [SET]
 PARTITION           - Partitioned areas of a physical disk.
 PORT                - I/O ports
 PORTCONNECTOR       - Physical connection ports
 PRINTER             - Printer device [CALL/SET]
 PRINTERCONFIG       - Printer device configuration  
 PRINTJOB            - Print job [CALL]
 PROCESS             - Processes [CALL]*
 PRODUCT             - Windows Installer [CALL]
 QFE                 - Quick Fix Engineering (patches)
 QUOTASETTING        - Setting information for disk quotas on a volume. [SET]
 RDACCOUNT           - Remote Desktop connection permission [CALL]
 RDNIC               - Remote Desktop connection on a specific network adapter [CALL/SET]
 RDPERMISSIONS       - Permissions to a specific Remote Desktop connection [CALL]
 RDTOGGLE            - Turn Remote Desktop listener on or off remotely[CALL]
 RECOVEROS           - Blue Screen Information [SET]
 REGISTRY            - Computer system registry [SET]
 SERVER              - Server information 
 SERVICE             - Service application [CALL]
 SHADOWCOPY          - Shadow copy management [CALL]
 SHADOWSTORAGE       - Shadow copy storage areas [CALL/SET]
 SHARE               - Shared resourcees [CALL]
 SOFTWAREELEMENT     - Elements of a software product*
 SOFTWAREFEATURE     - Subsets of SoftwareElement. [CALL]*
 SOUNDDEV            - Sound Devices 
 STARTUP             - Commands that run automatically when users logon
 SYSACCOUNT          - System account  
 SYSDRIVER           - System driver for a base service. [CALL]
 SYSTEMENCLOSURE     - Physical system enclosure
 SYSTEMSLOT          - Physical connection points including ports,
                       slots and peripherals, and proprietary connections points.
 TAPEDRIVE           - Tape drives  
 TEMPERATURE         - Temperature sensor (electronic thermometer).
 TIMEZONE            - Time zone data 
 UPS                 - Uninterruptible power supply (UPS) 
 USERACCOUNT         - User accounts [CALL/SET]
 VOLTAGE             - Voltage sensor (electronic voltmeter) data
 VOLUME              - Local storage volume [CALL/SET]
 VOLUMEQUOTASETTING  - Associates the disk quota setting with a specific disk volume. [SET]
 VOLUMEUSERQUOTA     - Per user storage volume quotas  [SET]
 WMISET              - WMI service operational parameters [SET]

 for more inofrmation on a specific alias, type alias /?


By default an alias will return a standard LIST of information, you can also use GET to return one or more specific properties.

GET * will also return all properties.

Configuration changes can be made, where indicated above with: [CALL or SET ]

The CREATE and DELETE options allow you to change the WMI schema itself.

                [/TRANSLATE:BasicXml|NoComma ]
                   [/EVERY:no_secs] [/FORMAT:format]
   alias GET [property list]
                [/VALUE ] [/ALL ] [/TRANSLATE:BasicXml|NoComma ]
                   [/EVERY:no_secs] [/FORMAT:format]
   alias CALL method_name [parameters]
   alias SET [assignments]
   alias CREATE 
   alias DELETE
   alias ASSOC [/RESULTCLASS:classname] [/RESULTROLE:rolename][/ASSOCCLASS:assocclass]

   For more help
   WMIC alias /?
   WMIC alias option /?

The order of the /FORMAT and /TRANSLATE switches is significant: if /TRANSLATE follows /FORMAT, the output is formatted first and then translated.


The options above can be filtered with a WHERE clause:

Where item='string value' # Test if Equal
Where item!='string value' # NOT EQUAL

Use single quotes to delimit spaces or special characters, do not add spaces to either side of the = or !=
See further examples below.


Format defines the layout of the information, XML output is automatically formatted using a default style sheet, while other formats (HTML, Table, MOF, Raw XML etc) can be specified using /FORMAT: stylesheet_name

Stylesheets supplied with WMIC:

    csv.xsl, hform.xsl, htable-sortby.xsl, htable.xsl
texttable.xsl, textvaluelist.xsl, xml.xsl

Tab Separated Values (.tsv) can be opened in excel

The PROCESS alias can be used to start a new installation process, if doing this across the network, place the installer files on a share with permissions EVERYONE : Read Only. This is because network credentials will be dropped when jumping from one remote machine to another (unless you have kerberos configured).


All WMIC output is UTF16 Unicode text with a BOM, convert this to plain ASCII with TYPE or MORE
e.g. WMIC OS LIST BRIEF |more >> "C:\demo.txt"


To run WMIC requires administrator rights and for many operations Elevation.

The last element returned by WMIC is a single <CR> character (an empty line), when running WMIC in a FOR loop you might need to remove this, particularly if delayed expansion is involved.

The number of WMI properties that can be monitored has increased with every new version of Windows.

For bulk operations CIM is significantly faster than WMI.

Running WMIC within a batch file it can sometimes hang, possible workarounds for this:
START "" /W CMD /C WMIC options...
WMIC options... <NUL

The WMI information for installed software packages (PACKAGE and SOFTWAREFEATURE) is often incomplete and inconsistent for a variety of historical reasons. A more reliable method is to retrieve a list of installed programs directly from the Add/Remove list in the registry, with a VBScript like this from Torgeir Bakken or a PowerShell script: Get-Programs.ps1


:: Display the DELL Serial number (also works for some other brands)
WMIC BIOS get serialnumber

:: List the available key/value pairs for the computer:
WMIC COMPUTERSYSTEM get * /format:list |more

:: Display Memory and domain join status:
WMIC COMPUTERSYSTEM get PartofDomain,TotalPhysicalMemory /format:list 

:: List the available key/value pairs for the OS:
WMIC OS get * /format:list |more

:: List the OS build and version

:: List the computername, locale and Bootdevice:
WMIC OS GET csname, locale, bootdevice /value

WMIC OS GET osarchitecture /value

:: Get a list of installed Windows updates on a remote machine, unlike Get-Hotfix, this includes the installation date.
WMIC /NODE:"server64" QFE list 

:: Get the local date and time
WMIC OS GET localdatetime

:: List all local Disks
WMIC LOGICALDISK where drivetype!=4 get deviceid, description, volumename

:: List ipv4 adapters 
WMIC NICCONFIG where (IPEnabled=True and TcpipNetbiosOptions!=null and TcpipNetbiosOptions!=2) GET caption,index,TcpipNetbiosOptions,IPEnabled

:: Disable Netbios
WMIC NICCONFIG where (IPEnabled=True and TcpipNetbiosOptions!=null and TcpipNetbiosOptions!=2) CALL SetTcpipNetbios 2

:: Dump the full application event log to a text file:
WMIC NTEVENT List Full >appevents.txt

:: List all the running services and save to a file
WMIC SERVICE where (state="running") GET caption, name, state > services.tsv

:: Stop the TELNET service (also StartService, PauseService,ResumeService)
WMIC SERVICE where caption='TELNET' CALL StopService

:: List the installed software MSI's
WMIC PRODUCT GET name,vendor,version
WMIC PRODUCT GET InstallDate, Name,localPackage 

:: Display Printer Status
WMIC PRINTER where PortName="LPT1:" GET PortName, Name, ShareName

WMIC PROCESS where name='evil.exe' delete

WMIC /output:"%computername%.txt" MEMORYCHIP where "memorytype=17" get Capacity

WMIC /node:computer64,computer65 PROCESS call create "netstat.exe -ano > C:\output.txt"

WMIC /node:@computers.txt /failfast:on PROCESS call create "\\server\share\installer.cmd"

WMIC /node:computer64 /output:shares.html SHARE get name,path /format:htable

WMIC /node:computer64 SHARE where name="Share1" 

Interactive mode:
wmic:root\cli> OS get csname
wmic:root\cli> quit

“Life is like a game of cards. The hand you are dealt is determinism; the way you play it is free will” ~ Jawaharial Nehru

Related commands

SYSTEMINFO - List system configuration.
The Grammar of WMIC - ISC.
MOF (Managed Object Format) - A language that describes management information.
Equivalent PowerShell: Get-CIMinstance - Get information via CIM.
DateTime Formats in PowerShell including invariant culture.
Docs.Microsoft.com - Full WMI reference, Classes and providers.

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